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Mechanical loading induces positive changes in the skeleton due to direct effects on bone cells, which may include regulation of transcription factors that support osteoblast differentiation and function. Flow effects on osteoblast transcription factors have generally been evaluated after short exposures. In this work, we assayed flow effects on osteogenic(More)
Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) records of 62 non-growing patients were used to evaluate the pharyngeal airway volume (upper and lower components), and the shape of the airway, using semi-automatic segmentations to calculate real volumes instead of estimates based on linear measurements. The sample was divided according to antero-posterior jaw(More)
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