Learn More
Malaria parasites, and other parasitic protists of the Phylum Apicomplexa, carry a plastid-like genome with greatly reduced sequence complexity. This 35 kb DNA circle resembles the plastid DNA of non-photosynthetic plants, encoding almost exclusively components involved in gene expression. The complete gene map described here includes genes for duplicated(More)
A colorimetric assay for peroxidase has been applied to the detection of eosinophils in bone marrow cultures and tissue cell suspensions. The substrate solution consists of 0.1 mM o-phenylenediamine in 0.05 M Tris-HCl buffer pH 8.0 containing 0.1% Triton and 1 mM hydrogen peroxide. The method is shown to be an easy and reproducible method of detecting(More)
A panel of hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies (mAb) reacting with antigens on mouse eosinophils and neutrophils has been selected. It is shown that four mAb bind preferentially to eosinophils, recognizing antigens expressed between 5 and 25 times more densely on these cells than on neutrophils. One mAb reacts preferentially with neutrophils, binding(More)
Binding of the thiazolyl peptide antibiotic thiostrepton to the GTPase domain of 23S rRNA involves a few crucial nucleotides, notably A1067 (E. coli). Small RNA transcripts were prepared corresponding to the GTPase domain of the plastid 23S rRNA and the two forms of cytosolic 28S rRNAs found in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, as well as(More)
Elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) is encoded by the tuf gene of the plastid organelle of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. A range of structurally unrelated inhibitors of this GTP-dependent translation factor was shown to have antimalarial activity in blood cultures. The most active was the cyclic thiazolyl peptide amythiamicin A with an IC50 = 0.01(More)
Experiments in vitro suggest that although interleukin 5 (IL-5) stimulates the late stages of eosinophil differentiation, other cytokines are required for the generation of eosinophil progenitor cells. In this study transgenic mice constitutively expressing the IL-5 gene were established using a genomic fragment of the IL-5 gene coupled to the dominant(More)
In common with other apicomplexan parasites, Plasmodium falciparum, a causative organism of human malaria, harbours a residual plastid derived from an ancient secondary endosymbiotic acquisition of an alga. The function of the 35 kb plastid genome is unknown, but its evolutionary origin and genetic content make it a likely target for chemotherapy. Pulsed(More)
Mitochondrial DNA of the malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum comprises approximately 20 copies per cell of a 6 kb genome, arranged mainly as polydisperse linear concatemers. In synchronous blood cultures, initiation of mtDNA replication coincides with the start of the 4-5 doublings in nuclear DNA that mark the reproductive phase of the erythrocytic(More)
Eosinophil differentiation factor (EDF) is a recently described regulator affecting eosinophil growth and activation. cDNA clones for murine EDF were isolated by direct expression from libraries prepared from the T cell hybrid NIMP-TH1. The longest cDNA clone obtained was 1534 bp in length encoding a polypeptide of 133 amino acids. Two variant cDNAs(More)
S-p-Bromobenzylglutathione diethyl ester induced toxicity in the malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum in infected human red blood cells in culture. The median inhibitory concentration, IC50, was 4.77 +/- 0.12 microM (N = 10) for incorporation of [3H]hypoxanthine in nucleotide synthesis and 5.20 +/- 0.1 microM (N = 10) for incorporation of [14C]isoleucine(More)