M. Stella Atkins

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The popularity of computer games has exploded in recent years, yet methods of evaluating user emotional state during play experiences lag far behind. There are few methods of assessing emotional state, and even fewer methods of quantifying emotion during play. This paper presents a novel method for continuously modeling emotion using physiological data. A(More)
A robust fully automatic method for segmenting the brain from head magnetic resonance (MR) images has been developed, which works even in the presence of radio frequency (RF) inhomogeneities. It has been successful in segmenting the brain in every slice from head images acquired from several different MRI scanners, using different-resolution images and(More)
Researchers are using emerging technologies to develop novel play environments, while established computer and console game markets continue to grow rapidly. Even so, evaluating the success of interactive play environments is still an open research challenge. Both subjective and objective techniques fall short due to limited evaluative bandwidth; there(More)
To segment brain tissues in magnetic resonance images of the brain, the authors have implemented a stochastic relaxation method which utilizes partial volume analysis for every brain voxel, and operates on fully three-dimensional (3-D) data. However, there are still problems with automatically or semi-automatically segmenting thick magnetic resonance (MR)(More)
We describe a series of experiments that compare 2D displays, 3D displays, and combined 2D/3D displays (orientation icon, ExoVis, and clip planes) for relative position estimation, orientation, and volume of interest tasks. Our results indicate that 3D displays can be very effective for approximate navigation and relative positioning when appropriate cues,(More)
A novel method for estimating a field of fiber orientation distribution (FOD) based on signal de-convolution from a given set of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance (DW-MR) images is presented. We model the FOD by higher order Cartesian tensor basis using a parametrization that explicitly enforces the positive semi-definite property to the computed FOD.(More)
Visual information is important in surgeons' manipulative performance especially in laparoscopic surgery where tactual feedback is less than in open surgery. The study of surgeons' eye movements is an innovative way of assessing skill, in that a comparison of the eye movement strategies between expert surgeons and novices may show important differences that(More)
One of the important clinical features that differentiates benign melanocytic nevi from malignant melanomas is the irregularity of the lesion border. There are two types of border irregularities: texture irregularities, the small variations along the border, and structure irregularities, the global indentations and protrusions. Texture irregularities are(More)
A novel method for estimating a field of orientation distribution functions (ODF) from a given set of DW-MR images is presented. We model the ODF by Cartesian tensor basis using a parametrization that explicitly enforces the positive definite property to the computed ODF. The computed Cartesian tensors, dubbed Cartesian Tensor-ODF (CT-ODF), are symmetric(More)
A real-time eyegaze selection interface was implemented using a Tobii eyegaze tracking monitor. A hierarchical button menu was displayed on the screen and specified selections were made by eyegaze fixations and glances on the menu widgets. The initial version tested three different spatial layouts of the menu widgets and employed a dwell + glance method of(More)