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We have generated monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for the C-terminus of factor H that can be used as inhibitory antibodies for heparin binding and for the specific detection of factor H and factor H-related proteins (FHRs) in plasma and triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins. Four distinct mAbs were established: IXF9 (IgG1), VD3 (IgG2a), VIG8 (IgG1) and(More)
This study was designed to distinguish between antibodies in HIV-1-infected patients directed against epitopes accessible on the native HIV-1 envelope (Env) complex and non-native Env epitopes. Peptide p#13 (Env. aa642-673) containing the neutralising 2F5 epitope and recombinant soluble glycoprotein 160 (rsgp160) were used in ELISA to determine the antibody(More)
Previous studies have shown that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) exploits dendritic cells (DC) to replicate and spread among CD4(+) T cells. To explain the predominance of non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) over syncytium-inducing (SI) strains during the initial viremia of HIV, we investigated the ability of blood monocyte (Mo)-derived DC to transmit(More)
Complement receptor type 2 (CD21, CR2), the receptor for the C3 fragment C3dg, activates complement via the alternative pathway and also serves as a preferential acceptor site for C3 fragments. The molecular basis for this phenomenon, which has recently been demonstrated for B lymphocytes in vivo, is currently not understood. Here we present a model for(More)
Oral candidiasis in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected persons is believed to be caused by the acquired T lymphocyte immunodeficiency. The direct interaction of C. albicans and HIV-1 in vitro was investigated. Twice as many yeasts adhered to cells transfected with the HIV-1 env gene as they did to controls. HIV-1 rsgp160 and rsgp41 but not(More)
After the transition from the acute to the chronic phase of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, complement mediates long-term storage of virions in germinal centers (GC) of lymphoid tissue. The contribution of particular complement receptors (CRs) to virus trapping in GC was studied on tonsillar specimens from HIV-infected individuals. CR2 (CD21)(More)
During the budding process, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) acquires cell surface molecules; thus, the viral surface of HIV-1 reflects the antigenic pattern of the host cell. To determine the source of HIV-1 released from cocultures of dendritic cells (DC) with T cells, immature DC (imDC), mature DC (mDC), T cells, and their cocultures were(More)
Adhesion molecules are known to contribute to infectivity of HIV-1. Here we tested whether the complement receptor type 3 (CR3, CD11b), an alpha(m)beta2 integrin, plays an accessory role in the infection process of HIV-1, because ICAM-1, a ligand of CR3, is present on the envelope of HIV-1. In addition, the viral transmembrane protein gp41 shares four(More)
Antibodies (Abs) against HLA and other cell surface molecules, which HIV-1 acquires during the budding process at the host cell surface, neutralize HIV-1 in vitro. Macaques were protected against infection by SIV grown in human cells after xenoimmunization with human MHC molecules. Besides the immune responses arising against xenogeneic antigens, the highly(More)