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Cell-cycle-related proteins, such as cyclins or cyclin-dependent kinases, are re-expressed in neurons committed to death in response to a variety of insults, including excitotoxins, hypoxia and ischemia, loss of trophic support, or beta-amyloid peptide. In some of these conditions events that are typical of the mid-G1 phase, such as cyclin-dependent kinase(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects more than 37 million people worldwide. Current drugs for AD are only symptomatic, but do not interfere with the underlying pathogenic mechanisms of the disease. AD is characterized by the presence of ß-amyloid (Aβ) plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neuronal loss. The identification of(More)
Aggregates of beta-amyloid peptide (betaAP), the main constituent of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's brain, kill neurons by a not yet defined mechanism, leading to apoptotic death. Here, we report that both full-length betaAP((1-40)) or ((1-42)) and its active fragment betaAP((25-35)) act as proliferative signals for differentiated cortical neurons, driving(More)
Preexposure of cultured cerebellar neurons to glutamate reduced the stimulation of polyphosphoinositide (PPI) hydrolysis induced by subsequent addition of glutamate without affecting the response to the muscarinic receptor agonist carbamylcholine. Desensitization of glutamate-stimulated PPI hydrolysis developed rapidly and persisted up to 48 h after removal(More)
We investigated the expression and coupling to the phospholipase C signal transduction pathway of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtypes by Western blot analysis and agonist-stimulated inositol monophosphate formation in several brain regions of postnatal day 9 (P9) and adult rats. In the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, corpus striatum, olfactory(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects about 35 million people worldwide. Current drugs for AD only treat the symptoms and do not interfere with the underlying pathogenic mechanisms of the disease. AD is characterized by the presence of β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neuronal loss. Identification of the(More)
Estrogen is known to affect different aspects of β-amyloid (Aβ) synthesis and degradation. The present work was undertaken to evaluate specifically whether matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) -2 and -9 are involved in Aβ degradation induced by estrogen and whether this is relevant to estrogen-induced neuroprotection. In SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells, 10 nM(More)
Dual orthosteric agonists of metabotropic glutamate 2 (mGlu2) and mGlu3 receptors are being developed as novel antipsychotic agents devoid of the adverse effects of conventional antipsychotics. Therefore, these drugs could be helpful for the treatment of psychotic symptoms associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In experimental animals, the antipsychotic(More)
Nicergoline, a drug used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia, was tested for its ability to protect neurons against beta-amyloid toxicity. Pure cultures of rat cortical neurons were challenged with a toxic fragment of beta-amyloid peptide (betaAP(25-35)) and toxicity was assessed after 24 h. Micromolar concentrations of(More)