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The clinical significance of the systemic inflammatory response in infected patients remains unclear. We examined risk factors for hospital mortality in 3,608 intensive care unit patients included in the European Sepsis Study. Patients were categorized as having infection without or with (i.e., sepsis) systemic inflammatory response, severe sepsis, and(More)
Objective: To determine whether inhalation of nitric oxide (INO) can increase the frequency of reversal of acute lung injury (ALI) in nitric oxide (NO) responders. Design: Prospective, open, randomised, multicentre, parallel group phase III trial. Setting: General ICUs in 43 university and regional hospitals in Europe. Patients: Two hundred and sixty-eight(More)
Objectives: (1)To assess the diagnostic utility of quantitative cultures of non-bronchoscopic lung lavage (NBL) in ventilator-associated pneumonia and evaluate the role of the Bacterial Index; (2) To assess the predictive value of NBL surveillance quantitative cultures in ventilated patients; (3) To evaluate the Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS)(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the hemodynamic effects of the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor 546C88 in patients with septic shock, although this was not a stated aim of the protocol. The predefined primary efficacy objective of the protocol was resolution of shock determined at the end of a 72-hr treatment period. DESIGN Multicentered, randomized,(More)
Sepsis is caused by a dysregulated immune response to infection and, without intervention, can lead to septic shock and multiple organ failure. A leading cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units worldwide, severe sepsis is also associated with a considerable cost burden that places significant strain on global healthcare budgets. The(More)
BACKGROUND Standard techniques for measuring blood volume (BV) entail administering radioactivity and human albumin. This is laborious, expensive, and impractical in acute settings. An alternative method suitable for widespread routine application was assessed. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Seventy-nine ambulant outpatients and 18 intensive care unit (ICU)(More)