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The OPERA neutrino experiment at the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory has measured the velocity of neutrinos from the CERN CNGS beam over a baseline of about 730 km with much higher accuracy than previous studies conducted with accelerator neutrinos. The measurement is based on high-statistics data taken by OPERA in the years 2009, 2010 and 2011. Dedicated(More)
We present the final results obtained by the MACRO experiment in the search for GUT magnetic monopoles in the penetrating cosmic radiation, for the range 4×10 −5 < β < 1. Several searches with all the MACRO sub-detectors (i.e. scintillation counters, limited streamer tubes and nuclear track detectors) were performed, both in stand alone and combined ways.(More)
In this paper we present the results of a search for nuclearites in the penetrating cosmic radiation using the scintillator and track-etch subdetectors of the MACRO apparatus. The analyses cover the β = v/c range at the detector depth (3700 hg/cm 2) 10 −5 < β < 1; for β = 2 × 10 −3 the flux limit is 2.7 × 10 −16 cm −2 s −1 sr −1 for an isotropic flux of(More)
Using data collected by the MACRO experiment from 1989 to the end of its operations in 2000, we have studied in the underground muon flux the shadowing effects due to both the Moon and the Sun. We have observed the shadow cast by the Moon at its apparent position with a significance of 6.5 σ. The Moon shadowing effect has been used to verify the pointing(More)
More than 30 million of high-energy muons collected with the MACRO detector at the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory have been used to search for flux variations of different natures. Two kinds of studies were carried out: search for periodic variations and for the occurrence of clusters of events. Different analysis methods, including Lomb-Scargle spectral(More)
We present the latest results on the study of atmospheric neutrino oscillations with the MACRO detector at Gran Sasso. Two sub-samples of events have been analysed, both in terms of absolute flux and zenith angle distribution: high energy events (with Eν ≃ 50 GeV) and low energy events (with Eν ≃ 4 GeV). The high energy sample has been used also to check(More)
Hibernation is a state of reduced metabolic activity used by some animals to survive in harsh environmental conditions. The idea of exploiting hibernation for space exploration has been proposed many years ago, but in recent years it is becoming more realistic, thanks to the introduction of specific methods to induce hibernation-like conditions (synthetic(More)
The OPERA experiment was designed to search for ν_{μ}→ν_{τ} oscillations in appearance mode, i.e., by detecting the τ leptons produced in charged current ν_{τ} interactions. The experiment took data from 2008 to 2012 in the CERN Neutrinos to Gran Sasso beam. The observation of the ν_{μ}→ν_{τ} appearance, achieved with four candidate events in a subsample of(More)
The cosmic ray primary composition in the energy range between 10 15 and 10 16 eV, i.e., around the " knee " of the primary spectrum, has been studied through the combined measurements of the EAS-TOP air shower array (2005 m a.s.l., 10 5 m 2 collecting area) and the MACRO underground detector (963 m a.s.l., 3100 m w.e. of minimum rock overburden, 920 m 2(More)
In this 2001 status report of the MACRO experiment, results are presented on atmospheric neutrinos and neutrino oscillations, high energy neutrino astronomy, searches for WIMPs, search for low energy stellar gravitational collapse neutrinos, stringent upper limits on GUT magnetic monopoles, nuclearites and lightly ionizing particles, high energy downgoing(More)