M. Shariat Panahi

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1. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia in the elderly in which interplay between genes and the environment is supposed to be involved. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has the only noncoding regions at the displacement loop (D-loop) region that contains two hypervariable segments (HVS-I and HVS-II) with high polymorphism. mtDNA has already(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplagia (CPEO) is a phenotypic mitochondrial disorder that affects external ocular and skeletal muscles and is associated with a single or multiple mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions and also nuclear gene mutations. There are also some reports about the relationship between CPEO and the nuclear Twinkle gene(More)
As with chromosomal DNA, the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) can contain mutations that are highly pathogenic . In fact, many diseases of the central nervous system are known to be caused by mutations in mtDNA. Dysfunction of the mitochondrial Respiratory Chain (RC) has been shown in patients with neurological disease including Alzheimer's disease (AD),(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited form of retinal ganglion cell degeneration leading to optic atrophy in young adults. Several mutations in different genes can cause LHON (heterogeneity). The ND6 gene is one of the mitochondrial genes that encodes subunit 6 of complex I of the respiratory chain. This gene is a hot spot(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to clarify the role of deletion of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in gastric carcinogenesis and to determine prevalence of mitochondrial deletions in different regions of tumoral tissue in comparison with adjacent non-tumoral tissue in gastric cancer. METHODS In order to investigate whether a high incidence of mutations(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is a genetically dominant condition caused by expanded CAG repeats which code for glutamine in the HD gene product, huntingtin. Huntingtin is expressed in almost all tissues, so abnormalities outside the brain can also be expected. Involvement of nuclei and mitochondria in HD pathophysiology has been suggested. In fact mitochondrial(More)
The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) may play an essential role in the pathogenesis of the respiratory chain complex activities in neurodegenerative disorders such as Huntington's disease (HD). Research studies were conducted to determine the possible levels of mitochondrial defect (deletion) in HD patients and consideration of interaction between the expanded(More)
BACKGROUND The spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) comprise a heterogeneous group of severe late-onset neurodegenerative diseases that are promoted by the expansion of a tandem-arrayed DNA sequence that modifies the primary structure of the protein. METHODS Genomic DNA of 20 patients affected with SCAs was extracted from peripheral blood and screened for(More)
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among females in the world. Age and familial history are the major risk factors for the development of this disease in Iran. Mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are associated with a greatly increased risk for development of familial breast cancer. Frequency of BRCA mutations was identified in familial breast(More)