M Sh Zaretskaia

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The cell walls and peptidoglycans of two mutant strains, Streptomyces chrysomallus var. carotenoides and Streptomyces chrysomallus var. macrotetrolidi, were studied. The strains are organisms producing carotenes and antibiotics of the macrotetrolide group. By the qualitative composition of the peptidoglycans the mutants belong to Streptomyces and are(More)
Membrane-associated surface glycoprotein from Crithidia oncopelti (MAG) has been isolated and studied. Its molecular weight constitutes 10-12 kDa. MAG contains 12% protein, 29% carbohydrates, 1.2% phosphate and a lipid fragment. Amino acid components of MAG include glutamine, asparagine, alanine, proline, valine, leucine, serine, threonine, lysine, glycine.(More)
Streptomyces producing ionophore antibiotics were searched for in various natural substrata, such as soil, sea water, and coastline sea mud, in many geographical regions. A total of 393 Streptomyces strains were isolated, 308 of which proved to be capable of producing antibiotics; 135 of these contained water-insoluble antibiotically active substances in(More)
Streptomyces brunneofungs 118 and S.griseolus 224 were isolated from natural objects and shown to synthesize ammonium specific products belonging to macrotetrolide compounds. Gradient extraction was applied to the mycelium and it was demonstrated that the compounds were rather labile both in the native cells and on synthetic carriers and could be hydrolyzed(More)
The main polysaccharide components of the cell wall in S. antibioticus RIA-594 (39) i.e. peptidoglycan, teichoic acid and polysaccharide were studied. Peptidoglycan consists of the polysaccharide fraction containing equimolar quantities of N-acetylglucosamine and muramic acid and the peptide subunits including alanine, glutamic and L,L-diaminopimelic acids(More)
A membrane-bound glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 10000-12000 was isolated from Crithidia oncopelti and purified. The glycoprotein contained peptide, carbohydrate and lipid fragments and phosphorus. The peptide fragment was represented by 10 amino acids. The carbohydrate fragment was represented by 7 monosaccharides. The lipid part was mainly(More)
Strains of Streptomyces chrysomallus subsp. macrotetrolidi and soil isolates of Streptomyces spp. producing ammonium specific agents were studied and correlation between the synthesis of nactinic acids and their oligomers and the hydrophobic nature of the active variant in the streptomycete population was shown.