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BACKGROUND Alveolar hypoxia acutely elicits pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). Chronic hypoxia (CH), despite attenuating HPV, causes pulmonary hypertension (CH-PHT). HPV results, in part, from inhibition of O2-sensitive, voltage-gated potassium channels (Kv) in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). CH decreases Kv channel current/expression and(More)
Pioglitazone was associated with increased hazard for surgical or percutaneous lower extremity revascularization in patients with diabetes in a large clinical trial, but this clinical finding has not been adequately explored in animal models. We hypothesized that pioglitazone would decrease hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α)-dependent angiogenesis in rat(More)
An aortic aneurysm is characterized by widening of the aortic lumen diameter with adverse remodelling of the vascular extracellular matrix. A thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is highly prevalent in patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). We investigated the structural remodelling in the aneurysmal ascending aorta in correlation to molecular alterations(More)
This paper demonstrates preliminary in-human validity of a novel subject-specific approach to estimation of central aortic blood pressure (CABP) from peripheral circulatory waveforms. In this “Individualized Transfer Function” (ITF) approach, CABP is estimated in two steps. First, the circulatory dynamics of the cardiovascular system are determined via(More)
For more than a century, it has been known that the body recoils each time the heart ejects blood into the arteries. These subtle cardiogenic body movements have been measured with increasingly convenient ballistocardiography (BCG) instruments over the years. A typical BCG measurement shows several waves, most notably the "I", "J", and "K" waves. However,(More)
This paper presents a novel minimally invasive method for quantifying blood pressure (BP) wave reflection in the arterial tree. In this method, two peripheral BP waveforms are analyzed to obtain an estimate of central aortic BP waveform, which is used together with a peripheral BP waveform to compute forward and backward pressure waves. These forward and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We studied whether anticoagulant use and outcomes differed between rural versus urban Canadian non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients prior to the introduction of direct oral anticoagulant drugs. METHODS Retrospective cohort study of 25,284 adult Albertans with NVAF between April 1, 1999 and December 31, 2008. RESULTS(More)
INTRODUCTION Though computed tomographic angiography has very high sensitivity and specificity to diagnose acute aortic dissection, false-negative studies can occur and secondary tests may be required to make the diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION We report the case of a 57-year-old Caucasian man with a typical presentation for acute type A aortic dissection in(More)
Solid tumors, including the aggressive primary brain cancer glioblastoma multiforme, develop resistance to cell death, in part as a result of a switch from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to cytoplasmic glycolysis. This metabolic remodeling is accompanied by mitochondrial hyperpolarization. We tested whether the small-molecule and orphan drug(More)
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