M. Schmidbauer

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Anisotropic surface diffusion and strain are used to explain the formation of three-dimensional (In,Ga)As quantum dot lattices. The diffusion characteristics of the surface, coupled with the elastic anisotropy of the matrix, provides an excellent opportunity to influence the dot positions. In particular, quantum dots that are laterally organized into long(More)
Herein we investigate a (001)-oriented GaAs1-xBix/GaAs structure possessing Bi surface droplets capable of catalysing the formation of nanostructures during Bi-rich growth, through the vapour-liquid-solid mechanism. Specifically, self-aligned "nanotracks" are found to exist trailing the Bi droplets on the sample surface. Through cross-sectional(More)
A new scattering technique in grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction geometry is described which enables three-dimensional mapping of reciprocal space by a single rocking scan of the sample. This is achieved by using a two-dimensional detector. The new set-up is discussed in terms of angular resolution and dynamic range of scattered intensity. As an example(More)
The lattice parameters of three perovskite-related oxides have been measured with high precision at room temperature. An accuracy of the order of 10(-5) has been achieved by applying a sophisticated high-resolution X-ray diffraction technique which is based on the modified Bond method. The results on cubic SrTiO(3) [a = 3.905268 (98) Å], orthorhombic(More)
A novel concept to obtain a ferroelectric material with enhanced piezoelectric properties is proposed. This approach is based on the combination of two pathways: (i) the evolution of a ferroelectric monoclinic phase and, (ii) the coexistence of different types of ferroelectric domains leading to polarization discontinuities at the domain walls. Each of(More)
In this work, photomodulated transmittance (PT) has been applied to investigate the energy gap of GaBiAs layers grown on (0 0 1) and (3 11)B GaAs substrates. In PT spectra, a clear resonance has been observed below the GaAs edge. This resonance has been attributed to the energy gap-related absorption in GaBiAs. The energy and broadening of PT resonances(More)
X-ray diffraction from films consisting of layers with different thicknesses, structures and chemical contents is analysed. The disorder is described by probabilities for different sequences of layers. Closed analytical expressions for the diffracted X-ray intensity are obtained when the layers form a stationary Markov chain. The proposed model is applied(More)
The application of lattice strain through epitaxial growth of oxide films on lattice mismatched perovskite-like substrates strongly influences the structural properties of ferroelectric domains and their corresponding piezoelectric behavior. The formation of different ferroelectric phases can be understood by a strain-phase diagram, which is calculated(More)
Scanning X-ray nanodiffraction on a highly periodic ferroelectric domain pattern of a strained K0.75Na0.25NbO3 epitaxial layer has been performed by using a focused X-ray beam of about 100 nm probe size. A 90°-rotated domain variant which is aligned along [1[Formula: see text]2]TSO has been found in addition to the predominant domain variant where the(More)