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BACKGROUND From May 2003 to May 2006, the Robert Koch Institute conducted the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS). Aim of this first nationwide interview and examination survey was to collect comprehensive data on the health status of children and adolescents aged 0 to 17 years. METHODS/DESIGN Participants(More)
BACKGROUND Current studies suggest that the beneficial effect of breastfeeding on overweight and obesity may have been largely overestimated. We examined the relationship between >4 months of full breastfeeding and overweight/obesity in children living in Germany. METHODS We analyzed retrospectively collected data on breastfeeding from children aged 3-17(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypoxemia, often assessed via pulse oximetry, is associated with neurocognitive deficits in children. The best way to qualify hypoxemia, or which level of hypoxemia already affects cognition, is unknown. METHODS We assessed the association of pulse oximetry-derived variables that qualify hypoxemia with impaired academic performance in(More)
Abbreviated home polysomnography may be an alternative to laboratory polysomnography in children but is not yet generally accepted, partly due to a lack of reference values. Also, there are no normative data on respiratory events obtained using nasal prongs. We determined the prevalence and frequency of central, obstructive, and mixed apneas and hypopneas(More)
BACKGROUND Lyme borreliosis (LB) caused by spirochetes of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex is the most common tick-borne disease in the northern hemisphere. Data on the distribution and on risk factors in Germany are sketchy. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Blood samples of a nationwide population-based cross-sectional study from 2003-2006 in(More)
We aimed to estimate the population prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in an urban community of German third graders (age range 7.3-12.4 yrs) and the diagnostic test accuracy of two OSA screening methods. Using a cross-sectional study design with a multi-stage sampling strategy, 27 out of 59 primary schools within the city limits of Hanover,(More)
The authors investigated whether there was a decline in infants sleeping prone and other modifiable risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Germany, where, as in some other countries, no nationwide intervention campaign against the prone sleeping position had been initiated. Data were obtained from parents by mailed questionnaires in two(More)
BACKGROUND In this case-control study on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), the magnitude of the risk factors 'maternal smoking during pregnancy' and 'poor antenatal care' was assessed and the attributable proportions of SIDS incidence estimated. METHODS Perinatal data from 190 SIDS cases, who died between 1986 and 1990 at age > 7 days and had a(More)
The study analyzed associations between actual weight status and weight perceptions with personal resources, physical and psychological health, as well as physical performance among adolescents (N = 5,518; age: 11-17 years). Analyses are based on data from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS). Self-report(More)