Learn More
Parkinson's disease (PD), one of the most common human neurodegenerative diseases, is characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain. PD is a complex disorder with multiple genetic and environmental factors influencing disease risk. To identify susceptible genes for sporadic PD, we performed case-control(More)
To clarify the significance of Lewy body (LB)-related alpha-synucleinopathy in aging, we investigated the incidence of LBs in 1,241 consecutive autopsy cases (663 males and 578 females). LB pathology was identified histologically in sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin and with anti-ubiquitin and anti-alpha-synuclein antibodies. Cases without LBs(More)
Alpha-synuclein in Lewy bodies (LBs) is phosphorylated at Ser129. We raised monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies to this phosphorylation site (psyn) and examined 157 serial autopsy brains from a geriatric hospital. Anti-psyn immunoreactivity was observed in 40 of these cases (25.5%). Immunohistochemistry revealed 4 novel types of pathology: diffuse neuronal(More)
BACKGROUND Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) affecting microRNA (miR) sequences may influence carcinogenesis. Our current study primarily aimed to confirm previously conducted association studies between rs2910164 found on miR-146a, and rs11614913 located on miR-196a2 polymorphisms and cancer phenotypes in the Japanese elderly population. rs2910164(More)
We have reported that the ambient gyrus is the site with the greatest accumulation of argyrophilic grains (AGs) and that the degeneration of the ambient gyrus is responsible for dementia with grains. Here we analyzed 1,405 serial autopsy cases from 2 hospitals and detected AGs only in cases older than 56 years of age. The distribution of AGs followed a(More)
Involvement of the peripheral autonomic nervous system is a core feature of Lewy body (LB) diseases, including Parkinson disease (PD), PD with dementia, and dementia with LBs. To investigate the potential use of skin biopsy for the diagnosis of LB diseases, we assessed anti-phosphorylated alpha-synuclein immunoreactivity in peripheral nerves in samples of(More)
We investigated the incidence and extent of Lewy body (LB)-related alpha-synucleinopathy (LBAS) in the olfactory bulb (OB) in 320 consecutive autopsy patients from a general geriatric hospital (mean age, 81.5 +/- 8.5 years). Paraffin sections were immunostained with anti-phosphorylated alpha-synuclein, tyrosine hydroxylase, phosphorylated tau, and amyloid(More)
Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease in the intima of the arterial wall, where cytokines play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of this disease. However, the question of whether or not genetic variations in the cytokine genes could influence the development of atherosclerosis has been poorly investigated. We investigated the relationship of(More)
We histologically examined undifferentiated small cell carcinoma of the esophagus from 21 patients and used immunohistochemical methods for detection of chromogranin A and p53, bcl-2, and Rb oncoproteins. Nine (43%) of the 21 carcinomas consisted solely of undifferentiated cells, but heterogeneous components of in situ or invasive squamous cell carcinoma or(More)
Common variants on human chromosome 8q24, rs1447295 (C/A) and rs6983267 (T/G), have been recently linked to the prevalence of prostate cancer in European and American populations. Here, we evaluated whether the single-nucleotide polymorphisms rs1447295 and rs6983267 were associated with the risk of sporadic prostate cancer as well as latent prostate cancer(More)