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The aims of this study were, firstly, to monitor temperature with magnetic resonance (MR) during laser ablations performed in pig livers in vivo in a low-field open scanner (0.23T) and, secondly, to study the feasibility of lesion size prediction. Spin-echo (SE) images of 29 sec acquired during laser applications allowed calculation of temperature maps(More)
A procedure was developed to isolate plasma membranes from rabbit skeletal muscle. K+-dependent phosphatase activity was used as marker enzyme for plasma membranes and was determined in the presence of CHAPS (3-( (3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio)-1-propanesulfonate), a zwitterionic detergent. Ca2+-ATPase and succinate dehydrogenase activities were used as(More)
MRI can be used for monitoring temperature during a thermocoagulation treatment of tumors. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the suitability of a 3D steady-state free precession sequence (3D Fast Imaging with Steady-State Precession, 3D TrueFISP) for MR temperature measurement at 0.23 T, and to compare it to the spin-echo (SE) and spoiled 3D(More)
Calpains 1 and 2 co-eluted with protein kinase C activities after hydrophobic (phenyl-Sepharose) and anion-exchange (Mono Q) chromatographies of a 100,000 X g supernatant which was defined as cytosol. After centrifugation of the cytosol at 200,000 X g for 16 h, the major part of calpain 1 and of its associated protein kinase C activity was recovered in the(More)
A mu-calpain-PKC complex was isolated from rabbit skeletal muscle by ultracentrifugation and by anion-exchange chromatography. The PKC associated to mu-calpain was stimulated by calcium, phosphatidylserine and diacylglycerol, and corresponds to a conventional PKC (cPKC). This complex presents an apparent molecular mass close to 190 kDa and is composed of(More)
In previous studies, we isolated and identified a mu-calpain-PKCalpha complex from rabbit skeletal muscle. At the same time we pointed out that an association between mu-calpain and PKCalpha could occur at the level of the plasma membrane of muscle cells, and that PKCalpha could thus be considered as a potential mu-calpain substrate. In the present study,(More)
Using a calpain/protein kinase C (PKC) complex, we were able to reproduce, in vitro, the induction of PKC down-regulation by the phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) which had been previously observed in cells. We show that TPA initiates this phenomenon by promoting a calpain-dependent conversion of PKC to the Ca2+(More)
A calpain 1-protein kinase C (PKC) complex was isolated from rabbit skeletal muscle by hydrophobic interaction chromatography on phenyl-sepharose and by strong anion exchange chromatography on Q-Sepharose. Calpain 1 and kinase activities were then dissociated on a phenyl-Sepharose matrix using gradients of decreasing ionic strength. The purified PKC(More)
The influence of transcortin and of cortisol on RNA synthesis in thymus chromatin, have been tested. The experimental results show that cortisol alone has no effect on RNA synthesis. But, in the same conditions of ionic strength, a serious decrease in transcription, induced by cortisol-transcortin complex, is demonstrated.
Calpains are Ca2+ -dependent thiol proteases which have been identified in various tissues of eucaryotes, but their physiological function in the cell is uncertain. In the muscle fiber, two types of calpains are present which differ by their calcium sensitivity: calpain 1 and calpain 2, which require for their activity micro and millimolar concentrations of(More)