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Expanded polyglutamine repeats have been proposed to cause neuronal degeneration in Huntington's disease (HD) and related disorders, through abnormal interactions with other proteins containing short polyglutamine tracts such as the transcriptional coactivator CREB binding protein, CBP. We found that CBP was depleted from its normal nuclear location and was(More)
Laminin is a basement membrane glycoprotein which consists of A, B1, and B2 chains. Laminin has diverse biological activities including promoting cell adhesion, migration, differentiation, growth, and neurite extension. Synthetic peptides from the active region of the A chain were prepared and tested for their biological activity. A 19-mer peptide(More)
Eukaryotic cells repair DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by at least two pathways, homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ). Rad54 participates in the first recombinational repair pathway while Ku proteins are involved in NHEJ. To investigate the distinctive as well as redundant roles of these two repair pathways, we analyzed the(More)
To examine the effects of higher mental activity on the EEG, 480 Japanese patients with different types of epilepsy were subjected to potentially provocative cognitive tasking, termed 'neuropsychological EEG activation' (NPA), during standard EEG recordings. NPA tasks consisted of reading, speaking, writing, written arithmetic calculation, mental arithmetic(More)
Yeast rad51 mutants are viable, but extremely sensitive to gamma-rays due to defective repair of double-strand breaks. In contrast, disruption of the murine RAD51 homologue is lethal, indicating an essential role of Rad51 in vertebrate cells. We generated clones of the chicken B lymphocyte line DT40 carrying a human RAD51 transgene under the control of a(More)
We have obtained overlapping cDNA clones for the entire coding sequence of the rat cartilage proteoglycan core protein from the Swarm rat chondrosarcoma. These cDNAs hybridize to two sizes of RNA transcripts of 8.2 and 8.9 kilobase pairs, which contain large 3'-untranslated sequences. The total contiguous cDNA is 6.55 kilobase pairs in size, and codes for a(More)
With the Akeno Giant Air Shower Array (AGASA), 581 cosmic rays above 10 19 eV, 47 above 4 × 10 19 eV, and 7 above 10 20 eV are observed until August 1998. Arrival direction distribution of these extremely high energy cosmic rays has been studied. While no significant large-scale anisotropy is found on the celestial sphere, some interesting clusters of(More)
The Rad51 protein, a eukaryotic homologue of Escherichia coli RecA, plays a central role in both mitotic and meiotic homologous DNA recombination (HR) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and is essential for the proliferation of vertebrate cells. Five vertebrate genes, RAD51B, -C, and -D and XRCC2 and -3, are implicated in HR on the basis of their sequence(More)
Capsaicin has been suggested to act not only on thin primary afferents but also on the hypothalamus, but the neurotransmitter(s) of central capsaicin-sensitive neurons are unknown. The present study was conducted to determine whether any central, especially hypothalamic, glutamatergic terminals were sensitive to capsaicin. Capsaicin evoked glutamate release(More)