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We demonstrate the presence of cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) in astrocytes in primary culture, its induction by ethanol, and the concomitant generation of free radical species. Double immunofluorescence using anti-CYP2E1 and anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein showed that CYP2E1 was distributed over the cytoplasm and processes, although labeling was more(More)
Endocytosis constitutes an essential process in the regulation of the expression of cell surface molecules and receptors and, therefore, could participate in the neural-glial interactions occurring during brain development. However, the relationship between endocytic pathways in astroglial cells under physiological and pathological conditions remains poorly(More)
In the present study we analyze the events which occur during the early stages of astrogliogenesis by examining the pattern of both GFAP and vimentin gene expression and their corresponding immunoreactive proteins during rat brain development. This study was carried out "in vivo" (whole brain) and "in vitro" (primary culture of radial glia) using(More)
Neural cell adhesion molecules (NCAMs) constitute a group of cell surface glycoproteins that control cell-cell interactions and play important morphoregulatory roles in the developing and regenerating nervous system. NCAMs exist in a variety of isoforms differing in the cytoplasmic domain and/or their content in sialic acid. The highly sialylated form(More)
Although cultured astroglial cells were reported to express exclusively the truncated non-catalytic Trk B receptor for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), we detect here, using a sensitive ribonuclease protection assay, mRNAs for both truncated (TrkB-T) and the full length catalytic (TrkB-fl) form of BDNF receptor in developing cortical astrocytes and(More)
AIMS Glycoproteins, such as adhesion molecules and growth factors, participate in the regulation of nervous system development. Ethanol affects the synthesis, intracellular transport, distribution, and secretion of N-glycoproteins in different cell types, including astrocytes and hepatocytes, suggesting alterations in the glycosylation process. We analysed(More)
Specific tests of early motor development and cerebral cortical morphology were studied in rats born from alcohol-fed mothers, pair-fed mothers, and ad libitum controls (either liquid or pellet diets). Liquid Bio-Serv diets were used. Alcohol feeding began on day 5 of pregnancy and ended on day 10 postpartum. The weight gain of the pups after birth was(More)
Malondialdehyde, reduced glutathione, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and cysteine protease cathepsins at postnatal (PN) days 2, 7, 14, 21 and 28 in controls (wt) and the retinal degeneration 1 (rd1) mouse model for retinitis pigmentosa retinas were measured to determine oxidative stress. In PN28 wt and PN2 rd1 retinas, elevated(More)
The alterations in astrocyte proliferation and differentiation induced by prenatal exposure to alcohol (PEA) suggest that ethanol exposure affects the radial glial cells, the main astrocytic precursors. We have investigated the effects of ethanol on the early stages of astrogliogenesis by analyzing the developmental pattern of vimentin and glial fibrillary(More)
Using astrocytes obtained from 21-day-old rat fetuses, in primary culture, we have analyzed the effect of prenatal alcohol consumption on DNA and protein synthesis of astrocytes during their development. The variation in sensitivity of astrocytes to ethanol "in vitro" during the proliferation and maturation periods was also assessed. Control astrocytes(More)