M. Samir Jafri

Learn More
The neurotransmitters at synapses in taste buds are not yet known with confidence. Here we report a new calcium-imaging technique for taste buds that allowed us to test for the presence of glutamate receptors (GluRs) in living isolated tissue preparations. Taste cells of rat foliate papillae were loaded with calcium green dextran (CaGD). Lingual slices(More)
OBJECTIVE Exposure to a number of drugs, chemicals, or environmental factors can cause parkinsonism. Epidemiologic evidence supports a causal link between the consumption of flour made from the washed seeds of the plant Cycas micronesica by the Chamorro population of Guam and the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/parkinsonism dementia complex. (More)
1. Standard intracellular recording techniques with 'sharp' micropipettes were used to evoke action potentials (APs) in acutely dissociated adult nodose neurones. 2. APs induced a transient increase in [Ca2+]i (a calcium transient), recorded with fura-2, that was dependent upon [Ca2+]o and the number of APs. Over the range of one to sixty-five APs, the(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were made in intact and acutely dissociated vagal afferent neurones (nodose ganglion cells) of the ferret to investigate the membrane effects of histamine. 2. In current-clamp or voltage-clamp recordings, histamine (10 microM) depolarized the membrane potential (10 +/- 0.8 mV; mean +/- S.E.M.; n = 27) or produced an inward(More)
Oxidative stress and inflammation appear to play a critical role in the progression of Parkinson's disease. As a result, there has been growing interest in antioxidant pathways and how these pathways might be exploited to slow the progressive loss of dopamine neurons. One such pathway that has garnered attention recently is mediated by the transcription(More)
We have previously shown that intrastriatal injection of Delta RR, the growth-compromised herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) vector for the antiapoptotic protein ICP10PK, prevents apoptosis caused by the excitotoxin N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) in a mouse model of glutamatergic neuronal cell death (Golembewski et al. [2007] Exp. Neurol. 203:381-393).(More)
A forward-imaging needle-type optical coherence tomography (OCT) probe with Doppler OCT (DOCT) capability has the potential to solve critical challenges in interventional procedures. A case in point is stereotactic neurosurgery where probes are advanced into the brain based on predetermined coordinates. Laceration of blood vessels in front of the advancing(More)
1. Intracellular recordings were made in intact and in acutely dissociated vagal afferent neurones (nodose ganglion cells) of the ferret to investigate the effects of substance P(SP). 2. In current-clamp recordings, SP (100 nM) applied by superfusion hyperpolarized the membrane potential (7 +/- 0.7 mV; mean +/- S.E.M.; n = 105) and decreased the input(More)
12(R)-hydroxy-5,8,10,14-eicosatetraenoic acid [12(R)-HETE] is reported to be more potent than its epimer 12(S)-HETE as a chemoattractant for human neutrophils in vitro and following topical application to the skin. To assess the in vivo neutrophil chemoattractant potencies of 12(S)-HETE and 12(R)-HETE in the rat, we injected 1 microgram, 5 micrograms, or 10(More)
Substance P (SP) hyperpolarizes approximately 80% of ferret vagal sensory neurons (nodose ganglion neurons) via NK-1 receptor-mediated activation of a potassium current (IK). A depolarizing current activated by membrane hyperpolarization could minimize the SP-induced hyperpolarization. Such a current exists in 65% of the nodose neurons (n = 264). In this(More)