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Cystathionine gamma-lyase (CGL) is the last enzyme of the trans-sulphuration pathway, which converts methionine into cysteine. To study the possible differences in enzymic activity of the two human cystathionine gamma-lyase isoforms characterized earlier, these were separately expressed in human kidney embryonic 293T cells. Furthermore, developmental(More)
Air breathing, especially oxygen therapy, exposes the lung to reactive oxygen species (ROS). Antioxidant enzymes (AOEs) may protect the lung from ROS-mediated injury. Because expression of the key AOEs increases in several animal species during gestation, we investigated (1) the messenger RNA (mRNA) and activity levels of the key AOEs manganese and(More)
To study the expression of human xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase (hXDH/XO), we cloned the cDNA covering its complete coding sequence and characterized it by translation in vitro in rabbit reticulocyte lysates and by transient expression in COS-1 cells. Two specific protein products with approximate molecular masses of 150 and 130 kDa were detected in both(More)
Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) has been implicated in tissue injury following ischemia-reperfusion because of its ability to generate reactive oxygen species under these conditions. In order to elucidate its role in various organs, we quantified the levels of XOR mRNA expression and activity in developing human tissues. XOR gene expression was highest in the(More)
Bronchial epithelial cells are the first cells to encounter high concentrations of inspired oxygen, and their damage is a typical feature in many airway diseases. The direct effect of oxygen on the expression of the main antioxidant enzymes (AOEs) in human bronchial epithelial cells is unknown. We investigated the messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of manganese(More)
Irreversible conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) to its oxygen free radical producing oxidase (XO) form occurs through an uncharacterized proteolytic process, which was studied in human liver. Upon incubation of fresh unfrozen liver cytosol, XDH remained intact. When recombinant human XDH was coincubated with subcellular fractions of human liver, the(More)
We compared induction of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) by asbestos fibers and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF) using cultures human mesothelial cells. Transformed pleural mesothelial cells (MET 5A) were exposed for 48 h to amosite asbestos fibers (2 μg/cm2), to TNF (10 Ng/ml), and to the combination of these two. TNF and amosite+TNF caused significant(More)
Prematurity has been associated with low glutathione (GSH) concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid as well as in leukocytes from tracheal aspirates and peripheral blood. To elucidate whether this is caused by deficient GSH synthesis, the expression and activity of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (glutamate-cysteine ligase, GCS, EC, the(More)
Xanthine oxidase (XO) and xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) are alternate enzymatic forms of the XO/XDH protein that catalyzes the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine, and xanthine to uric acid, and in the process XO/XDH generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide, hydrogen peroxide, and hydroxyl radicals. We hypothesize that XO/XDH, which is(More)
Mutations in the xanthine dehydrogenase gene (XDH), which codes for the last enzyme of the purine catabolic pathway in man, cause the autosomal recessive disease xanthinuria. We obtained cDNA clones from a human breast cDNA library and confirmed one of the two different sequences proposed for human XDH. Using a somatic cell hybrid mapping panel and specific(More)
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