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Background: Atelectasis of the middle lobe or lingula of the lung is defined as middle lobe syndrome. On chest x-ray it is demonstrated as a wedge shaped density with anterior-inferior extension from the hilum. Although many etiologies have been implicated, this syndrome is one of the most common complications of asthma. Materials and Methods: A simple(More)
AIM There are discrepancies in the reported frequency of Y chromosome microdeletions among Iranian infertile men. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of Y chromosome microdeletions in an Iranian population with azoospermia and severe oligozoospermia. METHODS Totally, 94 azoospermic and 21 severe oligozoospermic patients were(More)
In this study we aimed to examine the effects of genetic variants of GSTM1 and GSTP1 (Ile105Val and Ala114Val) on GST activity, seminal oxidative stress and sperm chromatin status in infertile men with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT). The study population (n=121) consisted of 95 infertile men with OAT and 26 controls with normozoospermia. Multiplex(More)
Non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) is one the many causes of male infertility (10 %) resulting from testicular failure. Multiple testicular biopsies fail to find mature sperm in at least 50 % of cases Therefore; hunting for sensitive and specific biomarkers of spermatogenesis that could better determine the fertility status in NOA can lead to improved(More)
BACKGROUND GnRH agonist administration in the luteal phase has been suggested to beneficially affect the outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer (ET) cycles. This blind randomized controlled study evaluates the effect of GnRH (Gonadotropine Releasing Hormone) agonist administration on ICSI outcome in GnRH antagonist ovarian(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 concentrations, as well as numbers of seminal leukocytes in a population of infertile men, some of whom were Chlamydia trachomatis positive, were related to chlamydial infection. Our patient group included 255 men attending for diagnostic semen analysis as part of infertility(More)
Nowadays, new advances in the use of cell free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in maternal plasma of pregnant women has provided the possibility of applying cffDNA in prenatal diagnosis as a non-invasive method. In contrary to the risks of invasive methods that affect both mother and fetus, applying cffDNA is proven to be highly effective with lower risk. One of the(More)
Chlamydia trachomatis, as an obligate intracellular parasite, usually causes asymptomatic genital tract infections in both men and women with several complications. The role of C. trachomatis infection in the secretion of a number of interleukins (ILs) from epithelial cells has been established by in vitro studies performed on various cell lines. The aim of(More)
Non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) is currently evaluated by the use of conventional histopathological methods. In some cases, focal spermatogenesis is present in the testes of patients with NOA which may be almost undetectable by routine histopathological examinations. Application of molecular markers in semen to predict the spermatogenesis status in the(More)
BACKGROUND Spermatogonial stem cells are subpopulation of spermatogonial cells in testis tissue that support beginning and maintenance of spermatogenesis. Ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) could be a specific marker for identification of spermatogonial stem cells including spermatogonial sperm cells (SSCs) in testis tissue and during the(More)