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Three macromolecular crystallography (MX) beamlines at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) are available for the regional, national and international structural biology user community. The state-of-the-art synchrotron beamlines for MX BL14.1, BL14.2 and BL14.3 are located within the low-β section of the BESSY II electron storage ring. All beamlines are fed(More)
A non-redundant set of 1154 protein structures from the Protein Data Bank was examined with respect to close interactions between C-H-donor and pi-acceptor groups. A total of 31,087 interactions were found to satisfy our selection criteria. Their geometric parameters suggest that these interactions can be classified as weak hydrogen bonds.A set of 12(More)
In a non-redundant set of 571 proteins from the Brookhaven Protein Data Base, a total of 43 non-proline cis peptide bonds were identified. Average geometrical parameters of the well-defined cis peptide bonds in proteins determined at high resolution show that some parameters, most notably the bond angle at the amide bond nitrogen, deviate significantly from(More)
The EMBL-Hamburg Automated Crystal Structure Determination Platform is a system that combines a number of existing macromolecular crystallographic computer programs and several decision-makers into a software pipeline for automated and efficient crystal structure determination. The pipeline can be invoked as soon as X-ray data from derivatized protein(More)
The three-dimensional structure of the enzyme dihydrodipicolinate synthase (KEGG entry Rv2753c, EC 4.2.1.52) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb-DHDPS) was determined and refined at 2.28 A (1 A=0.1 nm) resolution. The asymmetric unit of the crystal contains two tetramers, each of which we propose to be the functional enzyme unit. This is supported by(More)
Structural analysis, supported by biochemical, mutagenesis and computational evidence, indicates that the peptidyltransferase centre of the contemporary ribosome is a universal symmetrical pocket composed solely of rRNA. This pocket seems to be a relic of the proto-ribosome, an ancient ribozyme, which was a dimeric RNA assembly formed from self-folded RNA(More)
ADP-ribosyltransferases (ARTs) and ADP-ribosylhydrolases (ARHs) catalyze opposing reactions, which are termed ADP-ribosylation and de-ADP-ribosylation. ARTs transfer the ADP-ribose unit from NAD (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) onto an acceptor, while ARHs release the ADP-ribose from the target. Like protein phosphorylation, ADP-ribosylation is a(More)
Despite the fact that many cultures around the world value and utilize garlic as a fundamental component of their cuisine as well as of their medicine cabinets, relatively little is known about the plant's protein configuration that is responsible for the specific properties of garlic. Here, we report the three-dimensional structure of the garlic enzyme(More)
23 different crystal forms of 19 different biological macromolecules were examined with respect to their anomalously scattering substructures using diffraction data collected at a wavelength of 2.0 A (6.2 keV). In more than 90% of the cases the substructure was found to contain more than just the protein S atoms. The data presented suggest that chloride,(More)