M.S.W. Maryke Cramerus M.A.

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Chronic self-derogation is a common clinical problem, often difficult to treat. It is not a by-product of low self-esteem, but a coping strategy used to: (1) block impulsivity and overcome psychic immobilization, (2) ward off the hostility and aggression of others, and (3) defend against experiences of helplessness, humiliation, and shame. Successful(More)
Severe self-derogation is often experienced as emanating from punitive introjects distanced from the self. These represent the internalization of abusive and hostile objects whose introjection blocks the development of benign and structureenhancing identification. In its absence, contemptuous self-scrutiny and selfshaming, or even more pathologic forms of(More)
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