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OBJECTIVES To determine patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure rates, and indomethacin (INDO) toxicity rates in neonates dosed with INDO using an individualized pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) dosing approach. In addition, develop PD curves evaluating dose-response and concentration-response relationships for closure and renal toxicity, especially(More)
The effect of surfactant administration for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) on indomethacin (INDO) pharmacodynamics and dosing requirements for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure and renal toxicity was evaluated. A 22-year prospective cohort study including 442 INDO-treated patients given 466 INDO treatment courses. The database included demographic(More)
This study was performed in order to: (i) determine the incidence of symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with spinal cord injury after urodynamic testing; (ii) evaluate the role of antibiotic prophylaxis for such a procedure; and (iii) investigate whether pre-existing bacteriuria predisposes to the development of symptomatic UTI after(More)
BACKGROUND Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a disease in neonates, often resulting in death or serious medical or neurodevelopmental complications. The rate of NEC is highest in the smallest babies and many efforts have been tried to reduce the rate of NEC. In neonates born below 1500 grams, the rate of NEC has been significantly reduced with the use of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of dexmedetomidine and fentanyl for sedation in mechanically ventilated premature neonates. METHODS This was a retrospective, observational case-control study in a level III neonatal intensive care unit. Forty-eight premature neonates requiring mechanical ventilation were included. Patients received fentanyl(More)
OBJECTIVE Aminophylline is a methylxanthine with multiple physiologic actions. At low doses, aminophylline can antagonize adenosine and improve renal function via increased glomerular filtration rate. Despite its clinical use, little data exists in neonates for this indication. Therefore, the objective of this report is to describe the impact of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effect of patent ductus arteriosus on the pharmacokinetics of gentamicin in neonates and to examine whether any particular pharmacokinetic parameter is of value as a marker of patent ductus arteriosus. DESIGN Cohort study of neonates treated with gentamicin, according to a standard dosing protocol. SETTING A 24-bed, Level(More)
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