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Convergent strabismus was induced surgically in seven kittens at 3 wk of age. Recordings were made in 131 cells in the striate cortex of these strabismic kittens after maturation, and the results were compared to the data obtained from 140 striate neurons in normally reared cats. All our samples had receptive fields (RFs) within 5 degrees of the area(More)
The spatial frequency tuning and the contrast-response function of striate neurons in Siamese cats were investigated with drifting sinusoidal gratings of high contrast, and the results were compared to the data obtained in normally pigmented cats. The optimal spatial frequency of the tuning curves obtained from Siamese cats was shifted toward lower values,(More)
The effects on retinal ganglion cell receptive fields of rearing kittens with convergent squint, surgically induced on the 12th post-natal day, were investigated by utilizing the extracellular single unit recording technique. The data revealed that responses of cross-eyed cat ganglion cells to contrast reversal stimuli were severely depressed and the(More)
Responses of striate cortical cells in Midwestern Siamese cats to moving slits and stationary flashed spots were recorded and compared to similar data in common cat controls obtained under identical experimental conditions. Over 90% of the neurons sampled had receptive fields within 10 degrees of the area centralis. The proportion of binocularly excited(More)
Comparison of optic tract recordings in Siamese and ordinary cats reveals that Siamese cats have a significantly lower percentage of Y-cells than of X-cells. In addition, Siamese cats show depressed responses to a contrast-reversal stimulus, a result that supports the lower spatial contrast sensitivity demonstrated behaviorally by these animals. Both(More)
The responses of X- and Y-type retinal ganglion cells were recorded in the optic tract of Siamese cats in order to investigate the encounter rate of Y-cells with respect to retinal eccentricity. The percentage of Y-cells in Siamese cats was highest in or near the area centralis and it decreased with eccentricity. This is in contrast to the proportion of(More)
We investigated quantitatively the receptive-field properties of neurons in the lateral geniculate nucleus of Siamese cats. The experimental animals, "Mid-western" Siamese cats, exhibited varied degrees of ocular misalignment. The percentage of Y-cells, which receive projections from the area centralis, was significantly greater in Siamese cats than in(More)
The responses of X and Y-Type retinal ganglion cells in Siamese cats to moving slits were compared to those in common cats, in order to assess the center/surround interactions in Siamese cat receptive fields. Responses in the latter animal were quantitatively lower than those in common cats, the RF centers were larger, and the encounter rate for Y-type(More)
There is ample evidence that the visual system of the Siamese cat is different from common cats. These abnormalities suggest possible retinal origins, although no documentation exists. In the present study, single unit recordings were made from 91 misrouted and 209 normally-routed optic tract fibers in Siamese cats. Electrophysiological responses of the(More)
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