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OBJECTIVE To quantify wheelchair mobility of persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI), and to assess the relationship between wheelchair mobility and demographics, type of manual wheelchair, and participation. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Six Model Spinal Cord Injury Systems. PARTICIPANTS People (N=132) with SCI who use a manual wheelchair as(More)
Six major Western Hemisphere longitudinal studies of malnutrition and development are in their final stages. These studies are taking place in Columbia, Guatemala, Mexico, and the United States. As a step toward synthesis of the results, a conference was held at Cali, Colombia, with the aim of clarifying differences and similarities. The following features(More)
The effect of allowing patients unlimited access to oral water in the time up until 2 h pre-operatively was the subject of a randomised, blind, controlled trial. No effect was seen on gastric volume or pH, or on plasma osmolality, and allowing water pre-operatively was associated with a reduction in anxiety in the anaesthetic room.
BACKGROUND At the 2006 National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) sponsored pre-conference on spinal cord injury (SCI) outcomes, several gait and ambulation measures were evaluated for utility in clinical practice, validity, and reliability as research measurement tools. The Conference Subcommittee on Gait and Ambulation chose to(More)
A total of 9 participants with right-hemisphere stroke performed a new virtual reality (VR) wheelchair navigation test of lateralized spatial attention and neglect. The test consists of a virtual path along which participants navigate (or are navigated) as they name virtual objects encountered. There are 4 VR conditions, obtained by crossing the factors(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the inter-/intrarater reliability of the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury version 2 scale and the repeatability of the time to walk 10 m in chronic subjects. DESIGN In this reliability study, 26 subjects from the United States and Italy with spinal cord injury/disorder were tested by two blinded raters on two separate days to(More)
The Southeastern Regional Medical-Nutrition Education Network (SERMEN) comprises 11 medical schools with varied nutrition training programs. A faculty representative from each school rated 41 topics in nutrition as to their importance for medical practice. From the seven topics unanimously chosen, a 90-item examination was prepared using the University of(More)
It has been documented previously that nutrition knowledge of senior medial students at ten southeastern medical schools varies and is positively correlated with student assessment of the quantity and quality of nutrition education. To determine whether the differences in knowledge are related to the medical educational experience or are simply a reflection(More)