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Invasive electromyography (EMG) of the paraspinal muscles is useful in clinical and research settings. No technique for localization of the needle in specific fascicles has been validated. Recent descriptions of the segmented innervation of the multifidus imply that such a technique would add greatly to the EMG determination of root level of a(More)
The integrated surface electromyogram (IEMG) of the lumbar erectores spinae and the torque generated were simultaneously recorded from 27 healthy subjects in the standing posture while they pulled isometrically against resistance provided by a harness around the shoulders. The IEMG-torque ratio (efficiency of electrical activity, or EEA) was used to(More)
Comparison was made between simultaneous recordings of the electromyogram (EMG) and acoustic myogram (AMG) signals and the torque produced by the lumbar erectores spinae muscles of three healthy subjects while they performed isometric contractions. Repeatability of each signal was studied. The AMG had a relationship to the torque which was more quadratic(More)
Rectus abdominis muscles of young healthy female volunteers were studied to determine both the maximum strength in isometric flexion and the relation between the surface electromyogram (RMS EMG) and torque. Both the upper and lower portions of the abdominal muscle were studied during graded increase and decrease of torque. Repeated testing was performed(More)
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