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Low oxygen tension influences tumor progression by enhancing angiogenesis; and histone deacetylases (HDAC) are implicated in alteration of chromatin assembly and tumorigenesis. Here we show induction of HDAC under hypoxia and elucidate a role for HDAC in the regulation of hypoxia-induced angiogenesis. Overexpressed wild-type HDAC1 downregulated expression(More)
The molecular mechanisms mediating chemosensory discrimination in insects are unknown. Using the enhancer trapping approach, we identified a new Drosophila mutant, lush, with odorant-specific defects in olfactory behavior. lush mutant flies are abnormally attracted to high concentrations of ethanol, propanol, and butanol but have normal chemosensory(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the study was to evaluate the implications of androgen receptor (AR) in breast cancers. PATIENTS AND METHODS We investigated immunohistochemical AR expression from the tissue microarrays of 931 patients between 1999 and 2005, and analyzed demographics and outcomes using uni-/multivariate analyses. Tumors with ≥10%(More)
In response to epidermal injury, Parasilurus asotus, a catfish, secreted a strong antimicrobial peptide into the epithelial mucosal layer. The molecular mass of the antimicrobial peptide, named parasin I, was 2000.4 Da, as determined by matrix-associated laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry. The complete amino acid sequence of parasin I, which was(More)
We investigated the potential association of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) promoter polymorphisms with cancers. The study included 169 patients with gastric cancer, uterine cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, or renal cell carcinoma and 92 healthy controls. The -308 and -238 polymorphisms in the TNF-alpha promoter were analyzed by PCR-restriction(More)
The effects of fluoxetine (Prozac), a widely used antidepressant drug, on Kv1.3 stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells were examined using the whole-cell and excised inside-out configurations of the patch-clamp technique. In whole-cell recordings, fluoxetine accelerated the decay rate of inactivation of Kv1.3 and thus decreased the current(More)
Agouti-related protein (Agrp) is present in rat and human hypothalamus and is structurally related to agouti protein. Overexpression of either of these proteins results in obesity. However the effect of exogenous Agrp and its in vivo interaction with alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alphaMSH), the likely endogenous melanocortin 3 and 4 receptor (MC3-R(More)
The interaction of bisindolylmaleimide (BIM), widely used as a specific protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, with rat brain Kv1.5 (rKv1.5) channels stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells was investigated using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. BIM (I) and its inactive analog, BIM (V), inhibited rKv1.5 currents at +50 mV in a reversible(More)
Claudins (CLDNs) are a family of integral membrane proteins central to the formation of tight junctions, structures that are involved in paracellular transport and cellular growth and differentiation, and are critical for the maintenance of cellular polarity. Recent studies have provided evidence that CLDNs are aberrantly expressed in diverse types of human(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of oxaliplatin and S-1 (OS) in treating metastatic colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eligible patients were those with measurable lesions, no previous history of chemotherapy (except adjuvant chemotherapy), an age of 18-70 years, and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance(More)