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OBJECTIVE To summarize the information regarding pathogenetic factors of leiomyoma formation and growth, and to make a simple integrated pathogenetic view of this tumor for further thinking to establish new therapeutic options. DESIGN PubMed and Google Scholar searches were conducted to identify the relevant studies on pathogenesis of uterine leiomyoma,(More)
CONTEXT Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids or myomas) are benign tumors of the uterus and are clinically apparent in up to 25% of reproductive-age women. Heavy or abnormal uterine bleeding, pelvic pain or pressure, infertility, and recurrent pregnancy loss are generally associated with leiomyoma. Although surgical and radiological therapies are frequently used(More)
The biological activity of essential oil extracted from coriander, Coriandrum sativum L. (Apiaceae) against eggs, larvae and adults of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) was investigated in a series of laboratory experiments. Bioassays conducted in air-tight glass chambers showed vapour toxicity and strong repellency on filter paper arena test towards all the(More)
BACKGROUND Growth factors are proteins secreted by a number of cell types that are capable of modulating cellular growth, proliferation and cellular differentiation. It is well accepted that uterine cellular events such as proliferation and differentiation are regulated by sex steroids and their actions in target tissues are mediated by local production of(More)
CONTEXT Investigation of activin-A (A) and myostatin (M) in human myometrium (HM) and leiomyoma (HL) will explain their involvement in human myometrial pathophysiology. OBJECTIVE We aimed to investigate A and M response and steroid regulation in HM. We also evaluated A and M expression and response in HL. DESIGN Tissues were analyzed and cultured. (More)
CONTEXT Uterine leiomyomas are highly prevalent benign tumors of premenopausal women and the most common indication for hysterectomy. However, the exact etiology of this tumor is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to evaluate the role of activin-A and myostatin and their signaling pathways in human myometrial and leiomyoma(More)
Dysregulation of Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway has been documented in mammary gland development and breast cancer (BC) progression. Despite the remarkable progress in therapeutic interventions, BC related mortality in Bangladesh increased in the last decade. Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) still presents a critical therapeutic challenge. Thus(More)
Ternary content-addressable memory (TCAM) has become popular in high-speed lookup intensive applications. Large dynamic power consumption of TCAMs makes power reduction techniques an active area of research. In this paper we present a new match-line (ML) sensing scheme employing ML segmentation and positive feedback in the sense amplifier of the first(More)
In this paper, we investigate the performance of a free space optical link using Alamouti type Space Time Block Code (STBC) over weak atmospheric turbulence-induced fading channels. An analytical approach is presented to evaluate the bit error rate (BER) performance of a direct detection on-off keying (OOK) free space optical link over a weak atmospheric(More)
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad ex wendl is a widely cultivated bamboo species in rural Bangladesh for its versatile uses. The vegetative propagation becomes the only viable alternative for this species because B. vulgaris does not set seed after sparse flowering, which makes seedling progenies unavailable. A low-cost propagation trial was conducted to explore the(More)