M. S. F.A.C.S. Tonia M. Young-Fadok M.D.

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Inflammatory responses and tumor growth are increased after laparotomy compared with laparoscopy in some animal models. Proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) upregulate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Our aim was to investigate the influence of postoperative inflammatory responses on(More)
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