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Despite groundbreaking work to identify numerous proteins and to focus attention on molecular interactions, the mechanism of calcium-triggered membrane fusion remains unresolved. A major difficulty in such research has been the many overlapping and interacting membrane trafficking steps in the secretory pathway, including those of membrane retrieval.(More)
Previously we reported the development of a novel expression system with Tat/TAR-oriP vectors and HKB11 cell line, which supports high level protein expression (Cho et al. Cytotechnology 2001, 37, 23-30). In the present study, we further demonstrated that HKB11 cells are suitable for high throughput expression (microgram scale) of genomic candidates in(More)
We have investigated the effects of membrane lipid composition on biological membrane fusion triggered by low pH and mediated by the baculovirus envelope glycoprotein gp64. Lysolipids, either added exogenously or produced in situ by phospholipase A2 treatment of cell membranes, reversibly inhibited syncytium formation. Lysolipids also decreased the(More)
A set of lambda phages containing overlapping fragments of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) defective DNA has been cloned from P3HR-1-superinfected Raji cells. Mapping data obtained using these cloned DNA fragments confirmed the structure of P3HR-1 defective DNA previously deduced directly from virion DNA (M.-S. Cho, G. W. Bornkamm, and H. zur Hausen, 1984, J.(More)
Membrane fusion intermediates induced by the glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked ectodomain of influenza hemagglutinin (GPI-HA) were investigated by rapid freeze, freeze-substitution, thin section electron microscopy, and with simultaneous recordings of whole-cell admittance and fluorescence. Upon triggering, the previously separated membranes developed(More)
Influenza hemagglutinin (HA) and GP64 of the baculovirus Autographa californica multicapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus induce strikingly different initial fusion pores when mediating fusion between host cells that express these fusion proteins and target cells (Plonsky and Zimmerberg, 1996; Spruce et al., 1989, 1991; Zimmerberg et al., 1994). However, in(More)
The replicative form of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA was studied using two lymphoblastoid cell lines, X50-7 and 6F11, which are latently infected by Epstein-Barr virus. The lytic cycle of EBV infection was induced by transfection of the cells with the BRLF1/BZLF1 coding region of the P3HR-1 defective genome. We combined two techniques to identify the(More)
A 94-kilodalton phosphoprotein known as IE94 is the only viral polypeptide synthesized in abundance under immediate-early conditions after infection by cytomegalovirus (CMV) strain Colburn in either permissive primate or nonpermissive rodent cells. The IE94 gene, which maps at coordinates 0.71 to 0.73 in the viral genome, contains a large intron in the 5'(More)
Cell fusion techniques were used to derive mammalian host cell lines suitable for large-scale production of therapeutic proteins. Although the 293S cell line, of human embryonic kidney origin, is an excellent host cell for mammalian gene expression, these cells have a tendency to form large and tight aggregates in suspension cultures and bioreactors. To(More)
We used antiserum raised against the bacterially synthesized product of one of the open reading frames in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) BamHI fragment M to demonstrate that this reading frame (BMRF1) codes for a nuclear protein of the diffuse early antigen (EA) class. In indirect immunofluorescence assays, the rabbit anti-BMRF1 antiserum gave nuclear staining in(More)