M Sénéchal

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the specific impact of resistance training (RT) with or without caloric restriction (CR) on physical capacity in obese older women. DESIGN Forty-eight postmenopausal obese women, physically independent and between the ages of 55 and 75 years were recruited. The women were randomly assigned to one of four groups (1: RT [n = 12], 2:(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to compare changes in body composition and the metabolic profile between women taking an intermittent diet (ID) and women taking a continuous diet (CD). METHODS Twenty-five obese postmenopausal women were randomized to an ID (n = 13) or a CD (n = 12). In the ID, 5-week energy restriction periods were followed by(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between weight gain since menopause and weight regain after a weight loss program. METHODS Participants were 19 obese women who participated in a 15-week weight loss program and a 12-month follow-up. Main outcomes were: body composition, resting metabolic rate, energy intake, energy expenditure, and weight regain at(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the associations between changes in body composition and fitness after exercise training and changes in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in individuals with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Participants (n = 201) were randomized to aerobic, resistance, or combined training for 9 months. HbA1c, waist circumference, total and(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary determinants of hepatic steatosis, an important precursor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, are undefined. OBJECTIVE We explored the roles of sugar and fat intake as determinants of hepatic steatosis and visceral obesity in overweight adolescents at risk of type 2 diabetes. DESIGN This was a cross-sectional study of dietary(More)
This cross-sectional study proposes two relative strength indexes in order to evaluate the risks of lower mobility in healthy older adults: 1) handgrip strength on body mass index and 2) quadriceps strength on body weight. Nine hundred and four men and women aged between 67-84 years old were tested for body composition, muscle strength and mobility(More)
Irisin is a recently discovered myokine that increases adipocyte metabolism, induces further "browning" of white adipose tissue, and enhances glucose metabolism. No study has ever determined how an acute bout of exercise impacts immediate post-exercise irisin concentration using a meta-analytic approach. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact(More)
Prediabetes is defined as impaired fasting glucose and/or impaired glucose tolerance. Impaired fasting glucose is usually defined as fasting blood glucose between 5.6 mmol/L and 6.9 mmol/L (100.8-124.2 mg/dL), and impaired glucose tolerance is the 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test of 7.8-11.0 mmol/L (140.4-198.0 mg/dL). Most individuals with prediabetes(More)