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Activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) is a functional proteomics technique for directly monitoring the expression of active enzymes in cell extracts and living cells. The technique relies on irreversible inhibitors equipped with reactive groups (warheads) that covalently attach to the active site of enzymes and fluorescent or affinity tags for imaging and(More)
The development and application of bioorthogonal two-step labeling techniques receives much attention. Employing bifunctional proteasome probe 2 the efficiency of two-step labeling of recently published biotinylated cyclooctynes 3-5 is compared to Staudinger-Bertozzi ligation in cell extracts and living cells. While cyclooctynes 3-5 react faster and at a(More)
The chemoenzymatic synthesis of three 1-deoxynojirimycin-type iminosugars is reported. Key steps in the synthetic scheme include a Dibal reduction-transimination-sodium borohydride reduction cascade of reactions on an enantiomerically pure cyanohydrin, itself prepared employing almond hydroxynitrile lyase (paHNL) as the common precursor. Ensuing(More)
RNA viruses encode an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) that catalyzes the synthesis of their RNA(s). In the case of positive-stranded RNA viruses belonging to the order Nidovirales, the RdRp resides in a replicase subunit that is unusually large. Bioinformatics analysis of this non-structural protein has now revealed a nidoviral signature domain (genetic(More)
The proteasome is a nuclear-cytoplasmic proteolytic complex involved in nearly all regulatory pathways in plant cells. The three different catalytic activities of the proteasome can have different functions, but tools to monitor and control these subunits selectively are not yet available in plant science. Here, we introduce subunit-selective inhibitors and(More)
A database-oriented system (pCP123) is described for the manipulation of recombinant DNA data. This system was developed within the context of an integrated software package with spreadsheet, database, graphing and programming capabilities. The system includes two databases, one of sites and another of regions, coordinately handled by a series of(More)
Group I host range (hr) mutants of adenovirus type 5 are unable to transform rat embryo or rat embryo brain cells but induce an abnormal transformation of baby rat kidney cells. We established several transformed rat kidney cell lines and characterized them with respect to the transformed phenotype and the structure of the integrated viral DNA. The hr(More)