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An experiment was designed to evaluate the effects of 3 different additives on the gastrointestinal microbiota of early-weaned pigs. Early-weaned (18 to 22 d; n = 32) pigs (6.0 +/- 0.10 kg of BW) from 8 litters were randomly distributed into 8 pens. Each pen was assigned 1 of 4 dietary treatments: a prestarter or control diet, the control diet with 0.04%(More)
The antioxidant activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) extract from different raw materials has been studied. Extracts were prepared from wild or drip-irrigated plants, as well as from the by-product resulting from the distillation of the aromatic essential oil. The radical scavenging activity of rosemary extracts was compared with that of(More)
The aim of the present study is to investigate the chlorophyll catabolism pathway of wild-type red and stay-green mutants of Capiscum annuum (L.) fruits. In the wild-type red lines chlorophyll catabolism is concomitant with the start of carotenogenesis, whereas in the stay-green mutant lines the chlorophylls coexist with that process, even in over-ripe(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare surgical results and complications in the immediate postoperative course between the use of a single drain and two-drain post-anatomical pulmonary resections. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between January 2004 and September 2005, 143 patients were scheduled for pulmonary lobectomy or bilobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in our(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is widely used to treat non-melanoma skin cancer. However, some patients affected with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) do not respond adequately to PDT with methyl-δ-aminolevulinic acid (MAL-PDT) and the tumors acquire an infiltrative phenotype and became histologically more aggressive, less differentiated, and more fibroblastic. To(More)
INTRODUCTION Galanin is a neuropeptide with wide-ranging effects, especially within the endocrine and nervous systems. Galanin and its receptors are present in human skin. Galanin is expressed in different neural, endocrine and neuroendocrine tumors and, on the other hand, several neuropeptides, particularly alpha-MSH, seem to play a role in the(More)
Nowadays, the possible public health risk associated with the presence of quinolone residues and other antibiotics in milk is well-known, but there is a lack of information about the effect milk processing temperatures have on the presence of antimicrobial residues. The aim of this work was to determine the effect of different temperatures and heating times(More)
The presence of residues of antimicrobial substances in milk may have serious toxicological and technical consequences. To date, few studies have been done to evaluate the effect of heat treatments on β-lactam residues in milk. However, the few studies that have been conducted estimate losses of antimicrobial activity under different combinations of(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin and obestatin have apparent opposite orexigenic and anorexigenic effects, although the latter has not been firmly demonstrated in humans. So far, little data have been reported in relation to its potential association with metabolic syndrome (MS). The objective was to study obestatin concentrations in relation to nutritional parameters and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Oropharyngeal dysphagia and malnutrition are prevalent conditions in the older. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between oropharyngeal dysphagia, nutritional status and clinical outcome in older patients admitted to an acute geriatric unit. METHODS We studied 1662 patients ≥70 years consecutively hospitalized with(More)