M Robiul Islam

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Since the first outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian inafluenza (HPAI) in Bangladesh in February 2007, a total of 519 disease events have been reported till 22 October 2011. Partial HA gene sequences of 11 selected H5N1 HPAI isolates of 2007 to 2011 were determined and subjected to phylogenetic analysis. The study revealed a recent introduction of clade(More)
This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections among 266 drug users attending a drug-addiction treatment centre in Dhaka, Bangladesh, from November 1996 to April 1997. Of the 266 addicts, 129 were injectable drug users (IDUs), and(More)
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency among adolescent schoolgirls in peri-urban Bangladesh, and to identify various factors associated with anaemia in this population.Design: A cross-sectional design.Setting: Girls' high schools in five sub-districts of Dhaka.Subjects: Adolescent girls (n=548) aged 11–16 y from nine(More)
Three isolates of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), obtained from chickens in Bangladesh in 1999 and designated as BD 1/99, BD 2/99 and BD 3/99, were characterized. In an antigen capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a panel of VP2-specific neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (mAb), all three isolates showed a mAb-binding profile similar to(More)
Hafnia alvei, a member of the family Enterobacteriaceae, was the only species of bacteria cultured from the stool of a 9-month-old child who was admitted with a 3-day history of watery diarrhea. The isolated strain of H. alvei failed to produce heat-labile or heat-stable enterotoxins or Shiga-like toxin I or II and did not invade HeLa cells, nor did it(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterise and classify clinical isolates collected from tuberculosis (TB) patients in rural Bangladesh and to investigate the mode of transmission. DESIGN An epidemiological study using a combination of conventional and molecular methods was performed in a rural population of Bangladesh. A total of 168 clinical isolates were collected(More)
This study assessed the knowledge and management of common psychiatric disorders by general practitioners (GPs) in Karachi, Pakistan. Structured interviews were carried out in 2009 with 360 GPs selected by cluster random sampling. Patients with psychiatric disorders were estimated to be up to 10% of the daily caseload according to 71.8% of doctors.(More)
To develop an animal model of the haemolytic-uraemic syndrome during shigellosis, rabbits were injected with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) extracted by the hot phenol-water method from Shigella dysenteriae I and from S. flexneri. Two intravenous injections of LPS spaced by 24 h elicited renal cortical necrosis in a generalized Shwartzman reaction characterized(More)
A total of 1330 children under 3 years of age who during 1979 had been admitted to the general ward of ICDDR,B Health Complex for diarrhoea with complications were studied retrospectively for the relation between types of dehydration, age, and nutritional state. Of the 1330 children, 276 (20.8%) were hyponatraemic, 969 (72.8%) isonatraemic, and 85 (6.4%)(More)
The distribution and frequency of immunoglobulin (Ig)-containing plasma cells, their variations due to sex, and the mode of secretion of Ig cells into the duct system of the Harderian gland was investigated in broiler and native chickens of both sexes in Bangladesh. The Harderian gland is covered by a capsule, and the connective tissue septa divide the(More)