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1. Effects of the cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-1 inhibitor SC-560 and the COX-2 inhibitors rofecoxib and DFU were investigated in the normal stomach and after acid challenge. 2. In healthy rats, neither SC-560 nor rofecoxib (20 mg kg(-1) each) given alone damaged the mucosa. Co-treatment with SC-560 and rofecoxib, however, induced severe lesions comparable to(More)
1. The effects of the non-selective cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibitor indomethacin and the selective COX-2 inhibitors, N-[2-(cyclohexyloxy)-4-nitrophenyl] methanesulphonamide (NS-398), 5-methanesulphonamido-6-(2,4-difluorothio-phenyl)-1-indan one (L-745,337) and 5,5-dimethyl-3-(3-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-methylsulphonyl) phenyl-2(5H)-furanone (DFU), on the(More)
1. Effects of indomethacin, the selective cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors NS-398 and DFU, and dexamethasone on gastric damage induced by 30 min ischaemia followed by 60 min reperfusion (I-R) were investigated in rats. Modulation of gastric levels of COX-1 and COX-2 mRNA by I-R was evaluated using Northern blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain(More)
BACKGROUND Capsaicin-sensitive neurons contain various peptides including calcitonin gene-related peptide. This study examines (1) whether calcitonin gene-related peptide is involved in capsaicin-induced gastroprotection and (2) whether nitric oxide and prostaglandin are required for calcitonin gene-related peptide to prevent mucosal injury. METHODS(More)
The tachykinins [Ala5,beta-Ala8]neurokinin A-(4-10) {[Ala5,beta-Ala8]NKA-(4-10)} and NKA-(4-10) dose dependently protected against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal damage in rats (half-maximal inhibitory dose, 46 and 48 nmol/kg, respectively). These effects were abolished by primary afferent nerve denervation, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Certain gut peptides exert gastroprotective effects. However, the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. This study examines the contribution of afferent neurons, calcitonin gene-related peptide, and nitric oxide to the protection conferred by gastrin 17 in the rat stomach. METHODS Gastroprotection by gastrin 17 against(More)
This study investigates the neural pathways, mediators, and cyclooxygenase isoenzymes involved in the gastroprotection conferred by peptone in rats. Intragastric perfusion with 8% peptone protected against gross and histological damage induced by subsequent perfusion with 50% ethanol. The gastroprotective effect of peptone was near maximally inhibited by(More)
The Topography, extent and histopathology of lung and pleural metastases in 132 surgical resections were investigated with regard to primary tumours. The emphasis was on postmortaly obtained angiographic results of the neovascularisation of metastases, mainly by vessels of the functional pulmonary circulation with diameters of 20-60 microns. Different(More)
Epidemiological and animal studies about the fibrogenic and carcinogenic properties of natural mineral fibers required the development of man made vitreous fibers as substitutes for asbestos containing material. The question about the possible fibrogenic and carcinogenic properties of man-made vitreous fibers is not yet answered. By means of different(More)
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