M. Razia Naseem

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Highly contaminated groundwater, with arsenic (As) and fluoride (F(-)) concentrations of up to 2.4 and 22.8 mg/L, respectively, has been traced to anthropogenic inputs to the soil. In the present study, samples collected from the soil surface and sediments from the most heavily polluted area of Punjab were analyzed to determine the F(-) and As distribution(More)
It has been several decades since Skoog and Miller described the contrasting behavior of auxin and cytokinin in promoting the growth of root and shoot, respectively [1]. In recent years, a lot of progress has been made in understanding the regulation of stem cell niche and cell fate in both shoot and root apical meristems. Developmental processes such as(More)
Cytokinins are phytohormones that are involved in various regulatory processes throughout plant development, but they are also produced by pathogens and known to modulate plant immunity. A novel transgenic approach enabling autoregulated cytokinin synthesis in response to pathogen infection showed that cytokinins mediate enhanced resistance against the(More)
The small-molecule hormone salicylic acid (SA) is a plant immune signal for which the receptors have only recently been identified. Two recent studies reported that the transcriptional coactivator nonexpresser of pathogenesis-related genes 1 (NPR1) and its paralogues NPR3 and NPR4 are bona fide SA immune signal receptors in plants. Fu et al. demonstrated(More)
Plants deploy a finely tuned balance between growth and defence responses for better fitness. Crosstalk between defence signalling hormones such as salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonates (JAs) as well as growth regulators plays a significant role in mediating the trade-off between growth and defence in plants. Here, we specifically discuss how the mutual(More)
Cytokinin has long been shown to be an essential modulator of growth and development in plants. However, its implications in plant immunity have only recently been realized. The interaction between jasmonate and salicylate pathways is regarded as a central backbone of plant immune defense. However, the effect of cytokinin on the jasmonate and salicylate(More)
Cytokinins are essential plant hormones that control almost every aspect of plant growth and development. Their function in mediating plant susceptibility to fungal biotrophs and gall-causing pathogens is well known. Here we highlight the interaction between cytokinins and salicylic acid pathways. Furthermore, we discuss ways in which cytokinin signaling(More)
Plant hormones involving salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA), ethylene (Et), and auxin, gibberellins, and abscisic acid (ABA) are known to regulate host immune responses. However, plant hormone cytokinin has the potential to modulate defense signaling including SA and JA. It promotes plant pathogen and herbivore resistance; underlying mechanisms are(More)