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Pentobarbital anesthesia (40 mg kg-1) was accompanied by a 50% decrease of blood flow and a 40% decrease of unidirectional blood-brain glucose transfer in the parietal cortex of the rat brain. The correlation was explained by a decrease of the number of perfused capillaries. The maximal transport capacity, Tmax, decreased from 409 to 235 mumol 100 g-1 min-1(More)
OBJECT Cerebral swelling often occurs during craniotomy for cerebral tumors. The primary aim in this study was to determine risk factors (intracranial pressure [ICP], patient characteristics, histopathological features, neuroimaging characteristics, anesthetic regimen, and perioperative physiological data) predictive of brain swelling through the dural(More)
The mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is 50%, and most survivors suffer severe functional and cognitive deficits. Half of SAH patients deteriorate 5 to 14 days after the initial bleeding, so-called delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). Although often attributed to vasospasms, DCI may develop in the absence of angiographic vasospasms, and(More)
The unidirectioal transfer of D-glucose from blood to parietal cortex tissue of the brain of awake rats was measured by single intravenous injection of tracer glucose, as well as by single intracarotid injection according to the method of Oldendorf. The maximal unidirectional blood-brain glucose transfer rate (Tmax) was 407 mumol (100 g)-1 min-1 when(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the presence and regulatory properties of the adiponectin receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, in human adipose tissue (AT) and in isolated human adipocytes. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES The effect of obesity, weight loss, and gender on expression of AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 was investigated in subcutaneous AT. The influence of fat(More)
The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of 10 degrees reverse Trendelenburg position (rTp) on subdural intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP), and dural tension. Additionally, the relationship between preoperative Hunt and Hess (H and H) grade and the subdural ICP in patients scheduled for cerebral aneurysm surgery(More)
Four patients, who received epidural blood patch to treat postdural puncture headache, were examined with computed tomography in order to demonstrate the distribution of the injected blood. Blood alone could not be identified, but adding 2 ml contrast agent Iohexol 180 mg J/ml (Omnipaque, Nycomed Imaging) to 18 ml blood gave an excellent demonstration of(More)
The mu3 opiate receptor subtype has been characterized by various binding assays as opiate alkaloid selective (e.g. morphine) and opioid peptide (e.g. methionine enkephalin) insensitive. This opiate receptor subtype has been found on human, including cancer cell lines, and invertebrate tissues, demonstrating that it has been conserved during evolution.(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, we tested the hypothesis that escalating drug concentrations of isoflurane are associated with a significant decline in cerebral blood flow (CBF) in regions sub-serving conscious brain activity, including specifically the thalamus. METHODS Nine human volunteers received three escalating drug concentrations: 0.2, 0.4 and 1.0 MAC(More)
BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that escalating drug concentrations of sevoflurane are associated with a significant decline of cerebral blood flow in regions subserving conscious brain activity, including specifically the thalamus. METHODS Nine healthy human volunteers received three escalating doses using 0.4%, 0.7% and 2.0% end-tidal sevoflurane(More)