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The responses to excitatory and inhibitory amino acids and peptides were investigated in isolated rat spinal dorsal horn neurons (laminae I-V) of young rats using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique. The treatment of spinal slices with low concentrations of enzymes and mechanical dissociation yielded isolated neurons that were sensitive to excitatory(More)
The effects of group II and group III metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists on synaptic responses evoked by primary afferent stimulation in the dorsal horn, but mostly substantia gelatinosa, neurons were studied in the spinal cord slice preparation using conventional intracellular recording technique. Bath application of a potent metabotropic glutamate(More)
In acutely isolated spinal dorsal horn neurons of the rat, effects of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) on inward current induced by excitatory amino acids were studied under whole-cell voltage-clamp condition. 5-HT suppressed the response to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), but not the response to kainate or quisqualate. This inhibitory effect of 5-HT on(More)
The effects of dorsal root stimulation and of substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on the basal release of 9 endogenous amino acids, including glutamate (Glu) and aspartate (Asp), have been investigated using the rat spinal cord slice-dorsal root ganglion preparation and high-performance liquid chromatography with(More)
1. In freshly isolated spinal dorsal horn (DH) neurons (laminae I-III) of the young rat, the effects of tachykinins (substance P, neurokinin A) on inward current induced by excitatory amino acids were studied under whole-cell voltage-clamp conditions. 2. When the cells were clamped to a holding potential of -60 mV, a simultaneous application of(More)
The membrane actions of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and the effect on the Ca-dependent action potential of dorsal horn neurons have been investigated by means of an intracellular recording technique in the immature rat in vitro spinal cord slice-dorsal root ganglion preparation. Bath application of CGRP (10(-8)-10(-6) M for 1-10 min) produced a(More)
In freshly isolated spinal dorsal horn (DH) neurons (laminae I-IV) of the young rat the effects of 25-100 microM of (+/-)-trans-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (trans-ACPD), 1S,3R-ACPD and 1R,3S-ACPD, a metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist, on inward currents induced by glutamate (Glu),(More)
Substance P and neurokinin A both potentiated N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced currents recorded in acutely isolated neurons from the dorsal horn of the rat. To elucidate the mechanism underlying this phenomenon, we measured the effects of tachykinins and glutamate receptor agonists on [Ca2+]i in these cells. Substance P, but not neurokinin A, increased(More)
Whole-cell patch-clamp technique of freshly isolated rat spinal dorsal horn (DH) neurons, intracellular recording from DH neurons in a slice preparation, and high performance liquid chromatography with fluorimetric detection of release of endogenous glutamate and aspartate from spinal cord slice following activation of primary afferent fibers were employed(More)
Functional kainate (KA) receptors (KARs) are expressed in the spinal cord substantia gelatinosa (SG) region, and their activation has a capacity to modulate excitatory synaptic transmission at primary afferent synapses with SG neurones. In the present study, we have used gene-targeted mice lacking KAR GluR5 and/or GluR6 subunits to determine the identity of(More)