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The engagement of CD28 with its ligand B7.1/CD80 results in potent costimulation of T-cell activation initiated through the CD3/T-cell receptor complex. The biochemical basis of CD28 costimulatory function is poorly understood. The signalling pathways used by CD28 are unlike those used by the CD3/T-cell receptor in that they are resistant to cyclosporin A(More)
Through the interaction with its ligands, CD80/B7-1 and CD86/B7-2 or B70, the human CD28 molecule plays a major functional role as a costimulator of T cells along with the CD3-TcR complex. We and others have previously reported that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inducibly associates with CD28. This association is mediated by the SH2 domains of the p85(More)
Longitudinal in vitro assays related to cell-mediated immunity were performed in patients following allogeneic (32) or autologous (15) bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In both groups of reconstituted patients, low CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio and weak allogeneic mixed lymphocyte reactions were found in the first 6 months after BMT, progressively reaching values(More)
A panel of eight different CD28 mAbs was used to analyse the structure-function relationships of the CD28 molecule. The results of binding inhibition experiments show a complex and heterogeneous pattern of inhibition; however a subgroup of mAbs was identified, namely CD28.1, CD28.3, and CD28.5, which exhibited almost identical inhibition profiles. To test(More)
A large collection of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) directed against sheep red blood cell (SRBC) receptor (cluster of differentiation 2: CD2) were classified according to three criteria: their inhibitory effect on T cell-SRBC rosette formation; the epitopic cluster recognized on the CD2 molecule; their reactivity with resting or activated T cells. All mAb(More)
CD28 is a 44 kDa Ig superfamily cell surface molecule expressed on most mature T cells. Through its interaction with the recently identified B7/BB1 counter-receptor, it is believed to play an important role as a co-stimulator of T cells along with the TCR-CD3 complex. Activation of T cells with CD28 mAbs synergizes with TCR-CD3 and CD2 stimulation,(More)
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