M. Rafique

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Malnutrition is common in patients with end-stage liver disease and is a risk factor for post-transplant morbidity. The goal of this study was to assess the safety of an immune-enhancing diet in patients undergoing liver transplantation and to investigate its effects on nutritional status. METHODS Fifteen consecutive patients received(More)
Sixty-two overweight gastric cancer patients were compared with 201 normal-weight patients to clarify the influences of excessive weight on the surgical treatment of gastric cancer. The frequencies of hypertension and diabetes mellitus were significantly higher in the overweight group (P<0.01), but no pathologic differences in the resected tumor were found(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM The aim of the study was to compare laparoscopic and open appendectomy (OA) in terms of primary outcome measures. STUDY DESIGN A randomized controlled trial. Place and duration of the study: Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan, February 2008 to December 2009. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 160 patients were divided into two(More)
Preoperative intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy was performed in 23 patients with gastric malignancies to inhibit peritoneal recurrence. Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CDDP) and mitomycin C (MMC) were administered intraperitoneally 3 days prior to surgery, at which time a very viscid peritoneum and mucinous intraperitoneal fluid were found in 100% and 83% of(More)
Metanephric adenoma is a rare benign renal tumour. We are reporting one histologically proven such case in a 23 year old male from Afghanistan. He presented with severe right flank pain since 3 weeks. Nephrectomy was done and histopathology was consistent with the diagnosis of metanephric adenoma. This novel renal mass has been reported to have benign(More)
The method of upper and lower solutions and the generalized quasilinearization technique for second-order nonlinear m-point dynamic equations on time scales of the type xΔΔ t f t, x , t ∈ 0, 1 T 0, 1 ∩ T, x 0 0, x σ2 1 ∑m−1 i 1 αix ηi , ηi ∈ 0, 1 T, ∑m−1 i 1 αi ≤ 1, are developed. A monotone sequence of solutions of linear problems converging uniformly and(More)
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