M Raditsch

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Argiotoxin, a component of the spider venom from Argiope lobata, blocks AMPA receptor channels expressed in homomeric and heteromeric configuration in Xenopus oocytes. Argiotoxin acts as an open channel blocker in a voltage-dependent manner and discriminates between the functionally diverse AMPA receptors. Importantly, a transmembrane region 2 determinant(More)
Cloned NMDA receptor channels of the NR1-NR2A, NR1-NR2B and NR1-NR2C type show differences in argiotoxin636 block. Mutations of an asparagine residue located at a homologous position in the TM2 region of all NMDA receptor subunits, which corresponds to the Q/R site of the AMPA receptors, alters the argiotoxin636-induced block. The results suggest that the(More)
The electrophysiological analysis of Ca(2+)-conducting ion channels in Xenopus oocytes is difficult due to secondary intracellular effects induced by Ca2+. In the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) membrane currents can be recorded in nominally divalent cation-free solutions. The Ca(2+)-permeable recombinant NMDA receptors of the NR1/NR2A subtype were(More)
Recombinant N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors composed of NR1/NR2A subunits were expressed in Xenopus oocytes to analyse the voltage-dependent and use-dependent channel blocking activity of argiotoxin636. Functional assays demonstrate that the toxin competes with other open channel blockers such as Mg2+ and MK-801. Direct binding or competition assays using(More)
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