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Magnetic turbulence is observed at the beginning of the current quench in intended TEXTOR disruptions. Runaway electron (RE) suppression has been experimentally found at magnetic turbulence larger than a certain threshold. Below this threshold, the generated RE current is inversely proportional to the level of magnetic turbulence. The magnetic turbulence(More)
Histological and functional studies were performed on a preparation of rat colonic mucosa from which the myenteric and submucosal plexus were removed. This preparation, referred to as the mucosa preparation, was used to investigate the potential influence of the mucosal plexus on electrolyte transport. Two neuropharmacologically active agents were used: sea(More)
The effect of several chemical reagents on the sodium current was studied in voltage-clamped single nerve fibers of the frog. The oxidants halazone and hypochlorous acid drastically inhibited inactivation. Their effect was similar to that of chloramine T (Wang, 1984a). The curve relating the steady-state inactivation parameter h infinity to the conditioning(More)
BACKGROUND Light-stimulated excitation causes a decrease of the cGMP concentration in vertebrate photoreceptor cells. The cGMP content is restored by the catalytic action of a guanylate cyclase (EC 4.6.1.2). METHODS The spatial distribution of guanylate cyclase was determined cytochemically in rod visual cells of the mouse. RESULTS In retinal tissue of(More)
Voltage-clamped single nerve fibers of the frog Rana esculenta were treated with the carboxyl group activating reagent N-ethoxy-carbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) in the presence of different primary amines and without added amine. Carboxyl groups form stable amide bonds with primary amines in the presence of EEDQ. EEDQ treatment reduced the(More)
To test the possible role of lysine residues in Na channel function the effects of several imidoesters on Na and gating currents were studied in voltage-clamped single frog nerve fibers. Mono- and bisimidoesters were used. These reagents modify amino groups exclusively and do not change the net charge. The three bisimidoesters used easily introduce(More)
The breakdown of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) by the action of a phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C is a key event in the signal transduction mechanism of microvillar photoreceptors. The enzymatic activity of phospholipase C from photoreceptor cell membranes of the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis was measured at different concentrations(More)
Several reagents that react with sulfhydryl and amino groups were applied to voltage-clamped single nerve fibres of the frog. The fibres were exposed to comparable amounts of the chemical reagents for relatively short times. 3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (HPPS), a substance which preferentially modifies amino groups,(More)