M. R. Witmer

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Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin-9 (PCSK9) is an important pharmacological target for decreasing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in cardiovascular disease, although seemingly inaccessible to small molecule approaches. Compared with therapeutic IgG antibodies currently in development, targeting circulating PCSK9 with smaller molecular scaffolds could(More)
Elevated levels of plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, leading to familial hypercholesterolemia, are enhanced by mutations in at least three major genes, the LDL receptor (LDLR), its ligand apolipoprotein B, and the proprotein convertase PCSK9. Single point mutations in PCSK9 are associated with either hyper- or hypocholesterolemia.(More)
Inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH), a key enzyme in the de novo synthesis of guanosine nucleotides, catalyzes the irreversible nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide dependent oxidation of inosine-5'-monophosphate to xanthosine-5'-monophosphate. Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF), a prodrug of mycophenolic acid, has clinical utility for the treatment of(More)
[structure: see text] 2-Aryl-2,2-difluoroacetamido-proline and pipecolate esters are high affinity FKBP12 ligands whose rotamase inhibitory activity is comparable to that seen for the corresponding ketoamides. X-ray structural studies suggest that the fluorine atoms participate in discrete interactions with the Phe36 phenyl ring and the Tyr26 hydroxyl(More)
Described herein are structure-activity relationship studies that resulted in the optimization of the activity of members of a class of cyclopropyl-fused indolobenzazepine HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitors. Subsequent iterations of analogue design and syntheses successfully addressed off-target activities, most notably human pregnane X receptor (hPXR)(More)
To explore the variability in biosensor studies, 150 participants from 20 countries were given the same protein samples and asked to determine kinetic rate constants for the interaction. We chose a protein system that was amenable to analysis using different biosensor platforms as well as by users of different expertise levels. The two proteins (a 50-kDa(More)
Beta-APP cleaving enzyme (BACE) is responsible for the first of two proteolytic cleavages of the APP protein that together lead to the generation of the Alzheimer's disease-associated Abeta peptide. It is widely believed that halting the production of Abeta peptide, by inhibition of BACE, is an attractive therapeutic modality for the treatment of(More)
The protein product of an essential gene of unknown function from Streptococcus pneumoniae was expressed and purified for screening in the ThermoFluor affinity screening assay. This assay can detect ligand binding to proteins of unknown function. The recombinant protein was found to be in a dimeric, native-like folded state and to unfold cooperatively.(More)
Cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) hydrolyzes the sn-2 ester of phospholipids and is believed to be responsible for the receptor-regulated release of arachidonic acid from phospholipid pools. The enzyme was assayed using vesicles containing arachidonate-containing phospholipid substrate, such as 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoylphosphatidylcholine (PAPC) or(More)