M R Paintrand

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Centrin is a member of the calcium-binding EF-hand protein superfamily present in centrosomes of widely divergent species. Investigating the cellular distribution of human centrin by both immunofluorescence and cell fractionation, we report that centrin is biochemically complex in human cells, displaying as much as ten isoforms in 2-D electrophoresis. This(More)
The centrosome is one of the cellular organelles for which the mechanism by which it operates still remains to be unlavelled. The finding of the association with the centrosome of gamma-tubulin, a protein which belongs to the tubulin superfamily, has provided a long sought after biochemical tool with which to address centrosome function. We have generated a(More)
A procedure adapted from that described by Mitchison and Kirschner [Nature 312:232-237, 1984] was used to isolate centrosomes from human lymphoid cells. High yields of homogeneous centrosomes (60% of the theoretical total, assuming one centrosome per cell) were obtained. Centrosomes were isolated as pairs of centrioles, plus their associated pericentriolar(More)
The centrosome plays a major role in the spatial organization of the microtubular network and has a controlled cycle of duplication, the two duplicated centrosomes functioning as mitotic poles during subsequent cell division. However, a comprehensive description of the overall organization of the centrosome in animal cells is lacking. In order to integrate(More)
Xenopus eggs are laid arrested at second metaphase of meiosis lacking a functional centrosome. Upon fertilization, the sperm provides the active centrosome that is required for cleavage to occur. The injection of purified centrosomes mimics fertilization and leads to tadpole formation (parthenogenesis). In this work we show that the parthenogenetic activity(More)
In vitro myogenesis involves a dramatic reorganization of the microtubular network, characterized principally by the relocalization of microtubule nucleating sites at the surface of the nuclei in myotubes, in marked contrast with the classical pericentriolar localization observed in myoblasts (Tassin, A. M., B. Maro, and M. Bornens, 1985, J. Cell Biol.,(More)
Centrosomes from calf thymocytes were isolated using a simple preparative procedure that provides large yields of free organelles. A comparative study with centrosomes isolated from human cultured lymphoblasts has led to the discovery of important differences in the structure of the two isolates and in their capacity to nucleate microtubules from purified(More)
Although varying in size and complexity, centrosomes have conserved functions throughout the evolutionary range of eukaryotes, and thus may display conserved components. In this work, we took advantage of the recent advances in the isolation of the budding yeast spindle pole body, the development of specific immunological probes and the molecular(More)
Steady-state fluorescence polarization studies with the fluorescent lipid probe 1,6-diphenyl 1,3,5-hexatriene were done to determine the degree of microviscosity of cellular membrane lipids and serum lipoproteins in human normal donors and leukemic patients. The results show a marked decrease in microviscosity of cellular membrane lipids in both intact(More)
On the basis of histological sections and cytological smears in 110 cases, the “reticulosarcoma” (exclusive of Ewing's sarcoma and reticulosarcomas of bone marrow) were divided into two varieties: histiocytic types and histioblastic types.The correlation between the histological and cytological evaluation was excellent in each case; only those tumours(More)