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The letter addresses the problem of single-channel speech enhancement using a spectral subtraction method. The proposed approach is directed toward finding a self-adaptive averaging factor to estimate the a priori SNR. Performance of the modified averaging factor is evaluated using conventional spectral-subtraction algorithms in which the averaging factor(More)
We present a method to control the interfacial tension of a liquid alloy of gallium via electrochemical deposition (or removal) of the oxide layer on its surface. In sharp contrast with conventional surfactants, this method provides unprecedented lowering of surface tension (∼ 500 mJ/m(2) to near zero) using very low voltage, and the change is completely(More)
Eutectic gallium indium (EGaIn) is a promising liquid metal for a variety of electrical and optical applications that take advantage of its soft and fluid properties. The presence of a rapidly forming oxide skin on the surface of the metal causes it to stick to many surfaces, which limits the ability to easily reconfigure its shape on demand. This paper(More)
This paper presents a new approach for system identification at an extremely low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) like -10 dB. At such a low SNR, many of the system peaks in the signal spectrum are indistinguishable from the noise peaks that lead to erroneous identification of system poles. In the proposed method, the system properties like energy density in(More)
Controlling interfacial tension is an effective method for manipulating the shape, position, and flow of fluids at sub-millimeter length scales, where interfacial tension is a dominant force. A variety of methods exist for controlling the interfacial tension of aqueous and organic liquids on this scale; however, these techniques have limited utility for(More)
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