M. R. K. Murthy

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We identified a new kindred with the familial syndrome of hypertension and hyperkalemia (pseudohypoaldosteronism type II or Gordon's syndrome) containing an affected father and son. Mutation analysis confirmed a single heterozygous G to C substitution within exon 7 (1690G>C) that causes a missense mutation within the acidic motif of WNK4 (564D>H). We(More)
The novel Serine/Threonine kinases (With No Lysine kinases or WNKs), WNK1 and WNK4, are encoded by the disease genes for Gordon syndrome (PRKWNK1 and PRKWNK4), a rare monogenic syndrome of hypertension and hyperkalemia. These proteins alter the expression of the thiazide-sensitive Na/Cl co-transporter (NCCT) in Xenopus oocytes, although the details are(More)
A wilty mutant (scabrous diminutive, sd) of Capsicum annuum L. hyperaccumulates Na+ in all tissues and has a lower K+ content in the roots. This has been shown to be due to a greater efflux of (86)Rb+ (K+) and influx of (22)Na+ in the mutant. In this study, the transporters responsible for these fluxes were investigated by applying patch clamp techniques to(More)
The WNK (with no lysine kinase) kinases are a novel class of serine/threonine kinases that lack a characteristic lysine residue for ATP docking. Both WNK1 and WNK4 are expressed in the mammalian kidney, and mutations in either can cause the rare familial syndrome of hypertension and hyperkalemia (Gordon syndrome, or pseudohypoaldosteronism type 2). The(More)
Primary hyperaldosteronism, one cause of which is aldosterone-producing adenomas (APAs), may account for ≤5% to 10% of cases of essential hypertension. Germline mutations have been identified in 2 rare familial forms of primary hyperaldosteronism, but it has been reported recently that somatic mutations of the KCNJ5 gene, which encodes a potassium channel,(More)
The novel serine/threonine kinases (with no lysine kinases or WNKs), WNK1 and WNK4, are encoded by the disease genes for Gordon syndrome (PRKWNK1 and PRKWNK4), a rare monogenic syndrome of hypertension and hyperkalemia. These proteins alter the expression of the thiazide-sensitive Na/Cl cotransporter (NCCT) in Xenopus laevis oocytes, although the details(More)
WNK kinases have rapidly emerged as important regulators of Na+ and K+ homoeostasis in the mammalian kidney where they regulate the trafficking of proteins such as the NaCl-cotransporter (NCCT) and K+ channel, ROMK. However, an increasing number of WNK effects are kinase-independent, including their interaction with ROMK, and involve instead protein-protein(More)
OBJECTIVE Adrenal aldosterone-producing adenomas (APAs) are an increasingly recognized cause of primary aldosteronism, and somatic mutations within the KCNJ5 gene encoding an inwardly rectifying K(+) channel (also called GIRK4 or Kir3.4) have been identified by several groups including our own. We identified the previously noted G151R and L168R mutations in(More)
4-Chlorobenzo[F]isoquinoline (CBIQ) is a novel compound, here shown to activate both CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) Cl- ion channels and KCNN4, intermediate conductance, calcium-sensitive K+-channels, present in transporting epithelia by the use of heterologous expression systems. Earlier studies with other benzoquinolines,(More)
Primary aldosteronism (autonomous aldosterone production with suppressed renin) plays an important pathophysiological role in what has been previously labeled as essential hypertension. Besides the recently described germline mutations in the KCNJ5 potassium channel associated with familial primary aldosteronism, somatic mutations in the same channel have(More)