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Cerebral regional inositol, inositol-1-phosphate (Ins1P), and inositol-4-phosphate (Ins4P), intermediates in phosphoinositide (PI) cycle, and brain lithium levels were studied in male Han:Wistar rats 24 hr after an intraperitoneal injection of a single dose (2.5-18 mEq./kg) of LiCl. A dose of LiCl higher than 5 mEq/kg caused a remarkable accumulation of Li+(More)
Acetylcholine (ACh) is a powerful excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain. Stimulation of brain cholinergic muscarinic receptors (mAChR) cause persistent tonic-clonic convulsions. mAChRs are coupled to G-protein which mediates the receptor stimulation to phospholipidase C (PLC). PLC hydrolyses phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PI), a membrane(More)
Sputum induction is a noninvasive, well-tolerated method for studying airway inflammation. When induction with hypertonic saline is repeated at short time-intervals (<24 h), the cell profile of sputum has not been reproducible. To determine the proper interval between sampling cell profiles and cytokine contents of sputum samples that had been induced 48 h(More)
Several epidemiological studies have described an association between adverse health effects and exposure to mould and microbes present in the indoor air of moisture-damaged buildings. However, the biochemical linkage between microbial exposure and the large variety of reported respiratory symptoms is poorly understood. In the present study, the authors(More)
Regional levels of cerebral inositol-1-phosphate (Ins1P), an intermediate in phosphoinositide (PI) cycle, were readily detected with a new gas chromatographic (GC) method. GC analysis of trimethylsilyated Ins1P and myo-inositol-2-phosphate with a fused silica capillary SE-30 column and flame ionization detection was linear at picomolar range(More)
Cerebral inositol and inositol monophosphates, products of phosphoinositide (PI) turnover, and neuronal injury were studied in young (10 weeks) and old (24 months) male Wistar rats after pilocarpine-induced convulsions. The goal was to explore the association between short-term cholinergic convulsions, brain PI signaling, and changes in the brain morphology(More)
This intervention study was designed to show the effects of the renovation of moisture and mold damaged school building on the schoolchildren's health and exposure. Microbial sampling from indoor air of the school and a health questionnaire study were performed before and after renovation. The results were compared to those from non-damaged reference(More)
Several studies have previously shown that exposure to indoor air microbes from moisture-damaged buildings can cause adverse health effects. Aspergillus fumigatus is one of the best-documented moulds causing health problems to those exposed. In this study, inhalation of a commercial A. fumigatus solution was assessed, to establish if it would have effects(More)
Exposure to microbes present in mould-damaged buildings has been linked to increased frequency of various inflammatory diseases. The current study examined differences in inflammatory mediators in nasal lavage (NAL), induced sputum (IS) and serum of occupants with rheumatic or respiratory disorders and their controls, all working in the same(More)
The effects of a single dose of LiCl (2.5 or 10 mEq/kg) on brain inositol and inositol-1-phosphate (Ins1P), intermediates of brain phosphoinositide (PI) turnover, were determined in male Han: Wistar rats. There was a remarkable, 36-58 fold elevation of brain Li+ as the single dose of LiCl was increased 4-fold. Moreover, the accumulation of brain lithium was(More)