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  • S Fernandez-Lopez, H S Kim, E C Choi, M Delgado, J R Granja, A Khasanov +5 others
  • 2001
The rapid emergence of bacterial infections that are resistant to many drugs underscores the need for new therapeutic agents. Here we report that six- and eight-residue cyclic d,l-alpha-peptides act preferentially on Gram-positive and/or Gram-negative bacterial membranes compared to mammalian cells, increase membrane permeability, collapse transmembrane ion(More)
The production of amino acids and their condensation to polypeptides under plausibly prebiotic conditions have long been known. But despite the central importance of molecular self-replication in the origin of life, the feasibility of peptide self-replication has not been established experimentally. Here we report an example of a self-replicating peptide.(More)
A biosensor has been developed based on induced wavelength shifts in the Fabry-Perot fringes in the visible-light reflection spectrum of appropriately derivatized thin films of porous silicon semiconductors. Binding of molecules induced changes in the refractive index of the porous silicon. The validity and sensitivity of the system are demonstrated for(More)
Naturally occurring membrane channels and pores are formed from a large family of diverse proteins, peptides and organic secondary metabolites whose vital biological functions include control of ion flow, signal transduction, molecular transport and production of cellular toxins. But despite the availability of a large amount of biochemical information(More)
Hollow tubular structures of molecular dimensions may offer a variety of applications in chemistry, biochemistry and materials science. Concentric carbon nanotubes have attracted a great deal of attention, while the three-dimensional tubular pore structures of molecular sieves have long been exploited industrially. Nanoscale tubes based on organic materials(More)
Symbiosis is an association between different organisms that leads to a reciprocal enhancement of their ability to survive. Similar mutually beneficial relationships can operate at the molecular level in the form of a hypercycle, a collective of two or more self-replicating species interlinked through a cyclic catalytic network. The superposition of(More)
The origin of homochirality in living systems is often attributed to the generation of enantiomeric differences in a pool of chiral prebiotic molecules, but none of the possible physiochemical processes considered can produce the significant imbalance required if homochiral biopolymers are to result from simple coupling of suitable precursor molecules. This(More)
The preparation of synthetic molecules showing the remarkable efficiencies characteristic of natural biopolymer catalysts remains a formidable challenge for chemical biology. Although significant advances have been made in the understanding of protein structure and function, the de novo construction of such systems remains elusive. Re-engineered natural(More)
Molecular recognition requires the mating of two different molecular surfaces, complementary in shape and surface properties (hydrophobicity, hydrogen-bonding capability, electrical potential). Molecular recognition is ubiquitous in molecular science, with examples from protein-ligand interactions to asymmetric catalysis. 1-6 This paper describes the export(More)
The extraordinary spectral sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors is commonly attributed to the modal overlap or unique dispersion of surface plasmons. In contrast to this belief, we show that such high sensitivity is due to the multi-mode nature of the sensing scheme. This concept of multi-mode sensing can be applied to dielectric systems(More)