M. R. Gavend

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Clinically scored levodopa-induced dyskinesias were correlated with plasma dopa and O-methyl-dopa levels determined every hour during one day in 30 Parkinsonian-treated patients. In patients treated with a combination of L-dopa and a peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor (PDI), those with dyskinesias have very high plasma O-methyl-dopa levels compared with(More)
The effects of ethylketocyclazocine (EKC) and ketocyclazocine (KC), benzomorphan derivatives proposed as kappa opioid receptor agonists, were studied by measuring changes in the levels of dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and their major metabolites, DOPAC, HVA, MHPG-SO4, 5-HIAA, in different regions of rat brain. Doses ranging(More)
The effects of cyclazocine on the metabolism of dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NA) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in regions of rat brain were studied by measuring changes in the levels of the monoamines and their major metabolites. Doses ranging from 4–32 mg/kg were tested. Rats were sacrificed 1 or 2 h after administration of the drug, according to the(More)
The dosage regimen of cyclosporine (CsA) can be individualized in patients by means of a test dose (TD) method in the few days before bone marrow graft. To simplify the test dosing protocol, we used a Bayesian estimation (BE) of CsA clearance requiring population data and partial kinetic information for a given patient. In the first part, 42 patients, aged(More)
Apomorphine, a dopamine agonist, has been used efficiently in parkinsonian patients to treat severe levodopa-induced on-off phenomenon. Motor improvement has been obtained both with continuous subcutaneous (SC) infusions, and multiple SC injections. So as to assist in the understanding of the clinical results, we studied the peripheral pharmacokinetics of(More)
The peripheral metabolism of Dopa has been studied in correlation with the clinical occurrence of Leyodopa-induced dyskinesias in Parkinson patients. Within the group of patients treated with a peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor (PDI), the combination of all the plasma levels of O-Methyldopa from patients with dyskinesias shows significantly higher values(More)
The pharmacokinetic characteristics of a constant rate methohexitone infusion were studied in young ASA 1 patients undergoing maxillofacial surgery. They were randomly assigned to two groups; group M patients (n = 7) were given 9 mg.kg-1.h-1 of methohexitone for one hour, and group MF patients (n = 7) 9 mg.kg-1.h-1 of methohexitone with 7(More)
A sensitive and accurate reversed phase liquid chromatographic assay was developed for the determination of 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) (the active metabolite of azathioprine) in human plasma. The assay involved extraction into acetonitrile and dichloromethane from plasma pretreated with 0.038 M of dithiothreitol solution. The residue was analyzed by isocratic(More)