M R Chavarri

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This work was designed to study the effect of different lipid sources on hepatic lipogenic enzyme activity in rats fed ad libitum or energy-controlled diets. Male Wistar rats were fed diets containing 40% of energy as fat (olive oil, sunflower oil, palm oil, or beef tallow) for 4 wk. In experiment 1 rats had free access to food, and in experiment 2 rats(More)
Previous studies of normal men after 5 d of bedrest showed that circulatory instability on head-up tilt or standing is preceded by increased plasma renin activity (PRA) at bedrest. In the present study, the circadian rhythms of PRA, aldosterone, and cortisol have been observed in five normal men on a constant diet. In ambulatory controls, PRA and(More)
We have prepared several monoclonal antibodies against aldosterone-3-carboxy-methyloxime-BSA conjugate by fusing spleen lymphocytes from an immunized mouse with the mouse myeloma line HL-1 Friendly. A total of 6 different clones were isolated and expanded. All of the antibodies exhibited low cross-reactivities against most of the compounds tested.(More)
Normal human plasma contains "inactive renin," whose ability to generate angiotensin I increases after exposure to pH 3.3. Big renin is a partially inactive enzyme of larger molecular weight, which is also activated at pH 3.3, and is found of pregnant women, and in amniotic fluid, but not in normal plasma. We have compared the effects of acid exposure and(More)
Plasma aldosterone concentration was consistently decreased by 50% or more in 6 patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma on the first day of dexamethasone administration, only to rise subsequently with continued use of dexamethasone while plasma cortisol concentration remained suppressed. The secondary rise in plasma aldosterone was not related to(More)
This work was designed to study the effect of different lipid sources on the activities of lipoprotein lipase and lipogenic enzymes in adipose tissue from rats fedad libitum or energy-controlled diets. Male Wistar rats were fed diets containing 40% of energy as fat (olive oil, sunflower oil, palm oil or beef tallow), for 4 wk. Underad libitum feeding no(More)
Aldosterone production occurs in the outer area of the adrenal cortex, the zona glomerulosa. The glucocorticoids cortisol and corticosterone, depending upon the species, are synthesized in the inner cortex, the zona fasciculata. Calf zona glomerulosa cells rapidly lose the ability to synthesize aldosterone when placed in primary culture unless they are(More)
The dynamic response of the adrenal cortex to ACTH infusion is analyzed by simulating the distribution, binding, and metabolism of cortisol and aldosterone in a multicompartmental model. The model includes the effects of temperature and cortisol concentration on aldosterone binding in plasma and the distribution between plasma and red blood cells, as(More)
The biosynthesis of 18-hydroxycortisol and 18-oxocortisol from cortisol was studied in calf adrenal zona glomerulosa mitochondria. Cortisol is converted to 18-hydroxycortisol and 18-oxocortisol in the same mitochondrial preparation in which corticosterone is metabolized to 18-hydroxycorticosterone and aldosterone. Cortisol and 18-hydroxycortisol interacted(More)
Cortisol has been shown to be metabolized in the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal gland through the same pathway involving the cytochrome P-450, corticosterone methyl oxidase by which corticosterone is transformed to 18-hydroxycorticosterone and aldosterone. When cortisol is the precursor, 18-hydroxycortisol and 18-oxocortisol are formed. 18-Hydroxycortisol(More)