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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The gene-encoding plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) has a common 4G/5G 'functional' polymorphism, and people homozygous for the 4G allele have higher PAI-1 plasma concentrations. The 4G/4G genotype is associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction but paradoxically protects against stroke. We hypothesized that(More)
Alexander disease (AD) in its typical form is an infantile lethal leucodystrophy, characterized pathologically by Rosenthal fibre accumulation. Following the identification of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene as the causative gene, cases of adult-onset AD (AOAD) are being described with increasing frequency. AOAD has a different clinical and(More)
BACKGROUND Patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been investigated in several conditions apart from cryptogenic ischemic stroke. Contrast transesophageal echocardiography (cTEE) is the gold standard for the diagnosis, although it has some known limitations. Contrast transcranial Doppler (cTCD) allows a semiquantitative estimation of right-to-left shunt (RLS)(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation (CAA-ri) is characterized by vasogenic edema and multiple cortical/subcortical microbleeds, sharing several aspects with the recently defined amyloid-related imaging abnormalities (ARIA) reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD) passive immunization therapies. Herein, we investigated the role of(More)
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a syndrome of low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure characterised by postural headaches in patients without any history of dural puncture or penetrating trauma. Described by Schaltenbrand in 1938, SIH is thought to result from an occult CSF leak resulting in decreased CSF volume and, consequently, in low CSF(More)
Two cases of pontine infarct with Wallerian degeneration (WD) of the pontocerebellar fibers are described. WD of pontocerebellar fibers, seen bilaterally along the transverse pontine fibers, is more visible in the middle cerebellar peduncles and extends into the white matter of the cerebellar hemispheres. Understanding the anatomy of the white matter and(More)
Despite the continuous description of new conditions pre-disposing for cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), no apparent cause is found in about 30% of cases. Hyperhomocysteinemia (hyper-Hcy) is an established risk factor for deep venous thrombosis and stroke but has not been clearly associated with increased risk of CVT. We assessed the prevalence of hyper-Hcy(More)
Interest in the antithrombotic potential of low-dose aspirin is based on its ability to inhibit thromboxane (Tx)A2-related platelet function with concomitant sparing of vascular prostacyclin (PGI2) production. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-dose aspirin (20 mg daily for 7 days) on the increase in fibrinolytic activity in healthy(More)
Mild hyperhomocysteinemia is an established risk factor for deep vein thrombosis. We report three patients with cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) in which the only risk factor we were able to identify was increased blood homocysteine levels and the C677T polymorphism in both alleles of the methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase MTHFR gene. We suggest that(More)